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- 1 Why is it called IPA?
- 2 What is the difference between IPA beer and regular beer?
- 3 What’s so special about IPA?
- 4 Is IPA beer British or American?
- 5 Is IPA a beer or lager?
- 6 Are IPA beers healthier?
- 7 What are the criticisms of IPA?
- 8 What does IPA taste like?
- 9 What is different about IPA?
What does IPA mean in a beer?
IPAs have a fascinating history dating back to the days of British global dominance. Yet by the 1990s, they had fallen out of fashion, and it was almost impossible to find an IPA in a Britain whose bars were dominated by lagers, pilsners, bitters and ciders.
- Enter a new breed of craft brewers, and the IPA didn’t just get a new lease of life, it practically became the standard drink in the craft beer world.
- Here’s the story of IPAs, and where we are now.
- IPA stands for India pale ale.
- It supposedly started being brewed in the UK in the 1780s and became a popular beer among British soldiers and administrators serving in India, which was then under the control of the East India Company.
However, there’s much controversy about its history. The commonest story is that a brewer named Hodgson pioneered the drink specifically to export to India, because it was too hot to brew in the subcontinent, and because it matured en route, a journey of four to six months.
- This claim is disputed, though.
- A beer writer who goes by the name of Zythophile (“beer lover”) rebutted many of the common claims,
- The rebuttal was aimed specifically at a Smithsonian article, but the familiar story can be found in almost any history of IPA,
- Hodgson may have just got lucky, and happened to be selling “October beer” at around the time traders came a-looking for beer to take to India.
It survived the trip surprisingly well, and that enhanced its popularity. Claims that it completely replaced the previous favourite drink, porter, are demonstrably false, as there’s evidence porter was widely drunk in India in the 1800s – in much greater volumes than was IPA. IPA is a style of beer, which is popular enough these days to be called “regular” beer. It is a type of pale ale but is made with more hops, to give it a stronger flavour. There’s no standardised threshold at which a pale ale becomes an IPA, though. It’s all up to the brewer. Pale ale is where IPA gets two-thirds of its name from. It was pioneered in the 1600s and used coke-dried malts to produce a cleaner, lighter colour than normal ale, dried on smoky coal fires. Bitter and pale ale are essentially the same thing, But Bitters tend to be more malt forward and often opt for less fruity hops like Fuggles and Goldings, while Pale Ales promise a lighter malt base and prefer floral and fruity hops. There’s nothing inherently strong about an IPA compared to other beers. Some IPAs are stronger than the average regular beer, and some regular beers are stronger than the average IPA. You can buy 0% ABV IPA but there’s also 8.2% ABV IPA, If IPAs have got a name for being strong, it’s more down to the fact that their growth in popularity in the 2000s coincided with a greater appreciation for craft ales, which tend to be stronger than the lagers and bitters that were regularly drunk in pubs. Double IPA is India pale ale but with twice the amount of hops used in standard IPA blends. The result is, as you’d expect, a stronger, hoppier flavour. Double IPAs often, but not necessarily, come with more alcohol than the average IPA, but it probably wouldn’t be double the amount. You’ve tried double IPA (DIPA) – now it’s gone up a notch to triple IPA (TIPA). There’s even more hops in the mix, and they also tend to be a little stronger, with 13% ABV not unusual. TIPAs tend to be released as limited edition beers, so watch out. History, flavour and culture – what more could you expect from a drink? BrewDog started out with our timeless creation, Punk IPA, and we’ve since added to the range with the fruity Hazy Jane, zap-happy Mallow Laser Quest and our amplified beers that turn flavour and strength up to 11.
Why is it called IPA?
What Does IPA Stand For in Beer? – Let’s get this first question out of the way – IPA stands for Indian Pale Ale or India Pale Ale. During British colonial times, sailors were looking for a beer recipe that would be easy to preserve on the long trips from Britain to India.
What is the difference between IPA beer and regular beer?
IPAs are often highly hopped (more than40 IBU and commonly over 60 IBU), whereas lagers are generally far more subtly hopped (around 20-40 IBU). IBUs are international bittering units, a standardised way of quantifying bitterness in beers.
What’s so special about IPA?
The IPA’s Unique Flavor Profile – IPAs are known for a bitter quality due to the higher than average amount of hops they contain, but there is so much more to them. Fruit and citrus notes abound in these beverages, and depending on what option you choose, you might find flavors of grapefruit, orange, and even earthier notes like pine.
Why not to use IPA?
Stop Using IPA to Clean Your PCBs: 4 Reasons Why Stop Using IPA to Clean Your PCBs PCBs (Printed Circuit Boards) need to be clean to perform their best. IPA (Isopropyl Alcohol) has been used for PCB cleaning since the 1970s. But IPA might not be the best option.
Here’s some reasons why. Cleaning Oomph IPA isn’t a great cleaner. It has a of about 50, meaning it’s not strong enough to tackle the tougher-to-remove lead-free and no-clean flux residue commonly used today. It also isn’t very good at removing greasy or oily fingerprints. It’s Mixed with What? IPA sometimes is mixed with water to reduce costs.
For instance, rubbing alcohol purchased at the drug store is typically 20-30% water to reduce the price. However, this dilutes the IPA’s cleaning power. IPA is also hygroscopic. That means it attracts moisture to itself which, like with rubbing alcohol, dilutes the IPA’s cleaning strength.
- The IPA continues to absorb moisture until it simply no longer cleans well.
- IPA also pulls contaminants from the air and leaves them on PCB surfaces it dries.
- Some PCB makers try to mitigate this by using 99.9-percent reagent grade IPA.
- But, no matter how pure the IPA is when purchased, it quickly gets contaminated the first time you transfer it into a pump bottle or other container.
Using weak, water-filled IPA makes PCB cleaning more labor intensive and slower. It often requires multiple IPA applications, long soak times and extra scrubbing to remove stubborn contaminants. There are better cleaning fluid options on the market for PCB cleaning.
- With an HFC, HFE or HFO-base, like the lux removers that MicroCare offers, they are typically stronger than alcohol, so they clean PCBs faster and with less fluid waste.
- They have the power to remove lead-free and no-clean residue quickly and efficiently with just one application, minimal soaking and less scrubbing.
They also come in hermetically sealed containers that keeps the cleaning fluid inside fresh and clean. And it won’t spill if it tips over. Go Nonflammable for Safety IPA is flammable. It has a relatively low flash point of about 15 degrees C, about room temperature, and can easily cause a fire.
- IPA requires needs to be careful handling and storage.
- It should never be used in uncontrolled aerosol sprays or in open trays where it might spill, or even worse, generate vapors that can easily ignite from a spark.
- Be sure only to use IPA in an area with good ventilation and keep fire extinguishers available in every area where they are used.
IPA’s flammability also makes it difficult and expensive to ship. It often requires special labeling, careful handling and expensive hazardous freight charges. Instead of using flammable IPA, choose a nonflammable, They are typically more expensive than IPA, but they are engineered for fire safety.
They are also usually classified as nonhazardous and nonregulated, making them easier and less expensive to ship, even by air. The Environmental Effect IPA is a VOC (Volatile Organic Compound). This means it produces low-altitude smog. Many areas here in the United States and across the globe have strict regulations limiting or even barring VOC substances.
Before using IPA to clean, check with the appropriate regulating agencies in your area to ensure IPA can be used legally without violating any clean-air legislation. A better option is to use one of the Microcare environmentally-sustainable PCB cleaning fluids.
Is IPA stronger than beer?
India Pale Ales: just how strong are they? – siamionau pavel/Shutterstock One big difference between most IPAs and other types of beer is the alcohol content. Although the numbers vary wildly per drink according to Draft Mag, on average, yes, IPAs have higher ABVs than most any other lager, porter, and even other pale ales.
- According to Brew Dog, it just so happens that craft beverages like IPAs tend to be on the stronger side compared to most other classic styles of beer,
- Getting into the specifics, Draft Mag says traditional lagers usually average in at about 5% ABV, while some double IPAs can go as high as 10% or 15%.
With its warm fermentation process and the extra hops in each drink, you can expect most IPAs to be about one to two times stronger than most macro-brewed drinks. The higher ABV means many fans of craft beer tend to drink their ales slower, enjoying both the aromatics and complex flavor in each sip (per Beer & Brewing ).
Is IPA beer British or American?
What is an American Pale Ale? – American pale ales represent a variation of the original India Pale Ale (IPA), a style first brewed by the British in the 1800s. The new style of American pale ales, sometimes referred to as APAs, grew out of the American craft brewery revolution in the late 1970s.
This movement was pioneered by San Francisco-based Anchor Brewing and their former owner Fritz Maytag, who visited a number of English breweries in the mid 70s to learn more about pale ales. The main distinguishing factor between American pale ales and British pale ales is the brewing ingredients used – in particular the type of hops.
American pale ales tend to be vegan friendly kegged beer, In the late 70s and early 80s, American craft brewers decided to experiment with the classic British pale ale recipe by using locally grown US hops. Thanks to the unique flavour profiles of the north-westerly grown US hops, a distinctive style of pale ale was created.
Is IPA a German beer?
From Imitation to Innovation – First, I ought to point out that IPA is a thing that exists in Germany and that there are internationally oriented breweries that specialize in it. Finding one that embraces German ingredients—especially German aroma hops—is more difficult.
As an American brewer in Munich, Paul Higgins—cofounder and brewer of Higgins Ale Works—embraces both German aroma hops and New World varieties in his pale ales and IPAs. His New England–style pale ale, Secret Idaho—featuring Vic Secret, Idaho 7, and Falconer’s Flight—recently won a silver medal at the 2021 London Beer Competition.
However, he’s also brewed fresh-hopped ales with Hallertau Blanc, while his Retro-Rocker Red IPA features German-grown Amarillo, Comet, and Polaris alongside U.S. Cascade, Centennial, Citra, Falconer’s Flight, and Simcoe. In Higgins’ view, “IPAs can generally take on new twists with local ingredients or techniques that otherwise were not attempted”—for example, a Hallertau-hopped IPA made with Munich malt.
- For the most part, however, German brewers have mostly modeled their IPAs on American ones, and that includes embracing New World hops.
- Eep in mind that the German ‘craft-beer’ scene emerged only around 2010,” says Oliver Wesseloh, founder and brewer of Kehrwieder Kreativbrauerei in Hamburg.
- Germany has long had smaller, independent brewers, of course.
But it was only a decade or so ago that more of them began to be inspired by the vibrant U.S. beer scene. Back then, Wesseloh says, IPA was more straightforward: “Big, bold, and hoppy. Hence the first German IPAs were straight imitations of American IPAs.” In other words, if you’re a German brewer looking at the rampaging success of IPA in America, you’re unlikely to stray far from that formula.
Another brewery unabashedly embracing that approach is BRLO in Berlin. “BRLO IPA is definitely an imitation,” says Michael Lembke, BRLO’s brewmaster. ” an only-pilsner-malt, Simcoe-hot-side, dry-and-bitter IPA at 6.5 percent ABV. Dry hopped with Mosaic, Amarillo, and Citra—about as ‘West Coast’ as it gets.” The BRLO team also brew hazy, New England–style IPAs with soft, juicy qualities that would be familiar to today’s American drinkers.
However, they also brew a German IPA that spotlights German hops—but we’ll get to that. Meanwhile, down south, in the Franconian village of Weiher, Roland and Oswald Kundmüller—brewers of the Weiherer beers at Brauerei Kundmüller—recall their first attempts at IPA back in 2013: “We wanted to brew an IPA with a traditional German ale yeast,” they tell me in an email.
For sure, it was no American- or English-style IPA in the end. But the people liked the fruity aroma and the dry hopping.” Once they switched to the more common Chico strain—whose cleaner profile helps the hops to stand out—”the people liked it even more.” The choice between using American or German aroma hop varieties is a real one—they produce different profiles.
Mandarina Bavaria, for example, can produce soft tangerine along with herbal notes, while the more intense Citra can lead to aromas of candied orange peel or veer off into sweet tropical fruit. Both are fruity and pleasant, but the Citra is punchier. “If you work with German aroma hops,” the Kundmüllers say, “you will never find such an intenseness in exotic aromas as using, for example, Citra or Mosaic.” My own review of German-brewed IPAs suggests that most do tend to stick close to American craft-market trends—geographically German, yes, but compositionally American.
- Not all of them, though.
- While many German brewers started (then stayed) with American hops in American-style IPAs, a few others have gone in a more local direction.
- They include Eric Toft, the Wyoming-born brewmaster at Private Landbrauerei Schönram in Upper Bavaria.
- We use only German varieties,” Toft says.
“Since everyone is using U.S. hops now, it is not so much fun to use them. And German hops give a similar profile, but with a definite continental European terroir character.”
What is different about IPA?
Pale ale and IPA differences – Since IPAs are a kind of sub-category of pale ales, they obviously share several characteristics. For example, they both have a stronger concentration of hops than other types of beer, but IPAs have the strongest hops of the two.
The issue with this is that bitterness is often subjective to the palate of the drinker. One person might find an IPA less bitter than a pale ale, despite the former having more hops. Or another person might find that same pale ale to be more bitter than the same IPA, It really depends on the brewer’s recipe and the individual’s taste preferences.
In general, though, these are the main differences between pale ales and IPAs :
|IPA (INDIA PALE ALE)
|Pale malt-based English ale.
|Stronger brew of traditional English bitter ale.
|Brewed from roasted malt in the UK (England).
|Created in the UK for export to Indian colonies.
|Balanced ratio of malt to hops, with a sweet finish.
|More malty than other pale ales, with stronger flavours.
|A fruity and crisp yet bready malt-based taste, without an overwhelming flavour of hops.
|A harsher hops flavour, often balanced by strong notes of citrus and earthy or floral tones.
|Lower intensity due to less hops and lower alcohol content.
|Stronger intensity due to more hops and higher alcohol content.
What it basically comes down to is that pale ales tend to have more body to them with a medium intensity, while IPAs have a drier mouthfeel and a stronger aftertaste. Generally, pale ale is the beer of choice for Europeans and Americans, while IPAs remain the preference of consumers in India.
Is IPA a beer or lager?
What is an IPA? – IPA stands for India Pale Ale. It is, quite obviously, an ale. This is an ale that is heavy on the hops, and usually has a high alcohol content. According to TIME, they can be fruity, citrusy or herbal, depending on the type of hops used. IPAs get a wrap for being bitter and very strong, but this isn’t always the case.
Are IPA beers healthier?
Drinking too much beer can cause health problems – Tero Vesalainen/Shutterstock Unfortunately, beer isn’t exactly a healthy food. Drinking beer may lead to weight gain since an average 12-ounce serving typically contains around 153 calories. Beer has also been shown to increase the chance of developing serious illnesses like liver disease, cirrhosis, and cancer.
- Consuming too much beer may also negatively impact your mood and lead to an increase in depression, according to Healthline,
- However, not all beer types are created equally.
- It turns out that some brews might be worse for you than others.
- A recent study, conducted by Researchers from the Friedrich Schiller University Jena in Germany and published in the journal Alcohol and Alcoholism, seems to have good news for fans of IPAs,
The study found that beers that contain a lot of hops, such as IPAs, might be better for your liver than other types of beer or liquor. The researchers examined four different groups of female mice, one that was fed straight ethanol, one that was fed a dose of beer without hops, one that was fed hoppy beer, and one fed a maltodextrin control solution and compared the results of the four different beverages had on the livers of the mice in each group.
Are IPAs popular in Europe?
On continental Europe though, it’s a different story. While there are brewers who make IPA (notably in the Netherlands), it’s not especially well known and can be hard to source. Originally Answered: Is India Pale Ale popular in Europe? Not at all on the continent.
Why do Americans like IPA so much?
Why is IPA beer so hot in the US? It is everywhere, on the shelves of supermarkets and on all bar cards. The consumption of this bitter and strong beer has almost quadrupled in the past five years, according to figures from the American brewery association (supermarket sales).
What is IPA beer and why is it hot in the United States? This is our silly question of the week. Acronym for “India Pale Ale”, the IPA is a beer steeped in history whose origins date back to the 18th century in Great Britain. Beers pioneers, the English are at the time of fervent consumers of “Pale Ale”, a blond beer with high fermentation and light color.
In the development of their colonial empire, many soldiers are sent to India. Only problem: how to supply troops with alcohol in a country so remote, which requires long months of boat trip? English brewers decided to add a large amount of hops in their “Pale Ale”, a plant known for its antiseptic virtues that can extend the shelf life of beer.
- Thus is born the “India Pale Ale”.
- If this version of the story is not contradicted by Mitch Steel, brewer of Atlanta and author of the book IPA: Brewing Techniques, Recipes and the evolution of India Pale Ale, it specifies that the term “India” is incorrect.
- It was remembered that India, but the British Empire sent hoppy beer everywhere in its colonies”.
Very appreciated, the IPA will quickly know the success in his country of origin, before reaching the United States thanks to the waves of British immigration in the second half of the XIXth century. But it will be necessary to wait for the prohibition in the 1920s so that the IPA really takes off.
“In the face of the ban on alcohol, Americans start producing their own beer at home,” said Mitch Steele. This is how the consumption of craft beers such as IPA is developing “. This period marks the beginning of a movement that will become famous in the 1990s: the “crafts brewers”. Eager to deal with the now massive industrialization of beer production in the country, many Americans are returning to the production of craft beer.
And as explained by Elizabeth Pierre, a French biologist and author of the Hachette Beer Guide, “the characteristic of this movement is to draw inspiration from old traditional European styles, particularly the IPA style”. The number of breweries on American soil is exploding and the consumption of IPA with, until accounting for almost a third of craft beer sales today, according to the association of American brewers.
- But why does the IPA style appeal to Americans as much? For Mitch Steele, it is thanks to hops that gives him a taste, “which is not the case for other American beers that are much flatter.” Elizabeth Pierre adds that “the bitterness of the IPA is interesting.
- It’s not just a bitterness, it’s a tasty bitterness associated with aromas.
” A true cradle of the brewing revolution, the United States now produces its own IPA beer, the “American IPA”. A beer whose success can be explained by the use of American hops, according to Mitch Steele. “It’s one of the best in the world. It has intense and pronounced fruity flavors, while the European hops are more floral and spicy.
- The intensity of the aroma of American hops is also much higher than that of a typical European hop, making American hops very suitable for APIs.
- Never short of ideas, the American brewers launched more recently the “Session IPA”, a lower API aperitif beer than the “American IPA”, but whose taste remains close to it with hoppy flavors and bitter.
What will ensure the future of this beer loaded with hops and history. : Why is IPA beer so hot in the US?
What is the disadvantage of IPA?
Open Access Journals | Peer Reviewed Journals
- Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA); Phenomenology; Qualitative research
Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) has become a dominant qualitative research methodology in many academic disciplines. Its emphasis on convergence and divergence of experiences, as well as its mission in examining detailed and nuanced analysis of the lived experience of small number participants, is particularly appealing to many researchers.
- IPA is an integrative hermeneutic phenomenology first proposed by Jonathan Smith in a paper that argued for an experiential approach in psychology that could equally dialogue with mainstream psychology.
- But its structured approach and qualitative orientation seems to appeal to other disciplines in human, social and health care research,
IPA has two primary aims: to look in detail at how someone makes sense of life experience, and to give detailed interpretation of the account to understand the experience, The desire to know more about this qualitative research methodology has intensified.
The aim of this paper is to provide an overview and limitations of IPA which has risen in popularity in many academic disciplines due to its useful methodology in studying existential experience, This study provides insights into this growing area of qualitative research approach. The paper begins with a brief overview and rationale for qualitative research approach.
It will then go on to introduce the philosophical foundations of phenomenology. Then followed by the theoretical underpinnings and criticisms of IPA. The paper concludes by bringing together some thoughts for future researchers who might use IPA as their preferred research methodology.
- Qualitative Research Approach IPA is a qualitative research approach.
- Qualitative research explores and understands the meanings people assign to their experiences,
- Qualitative inquiries seek to shed light on meanings that are less perceptible.
- They also seek to investigate complexities of our social world.
They are inductive and share similarities in exploring ‘what’ ‘why’ and ‘how’ questions, as opposed to ‘how much’ and ‘how many’ preferred by quantitative studies. What’s more, qualitative research is designed to study people’s life experiences and deliberately shuns quantitative preoccupation with measuring, counting and prediction in favour of describing, exploring, understanding and interpreting how a phenomenon,
- There are multiple and diverse epistemological roots for qualitative approaches, but they converge in the context of how meaning making takes place,
- Researchers attempt to study things in their natural settings and attempt to make sense of, or interpret the meanings people assign to their experiences in everyday language,
The uniqueness of the qualitative inquiry is its experiential understanding of the complex interrelationships among phenomena and its direct interpretation of events. Therefore, the emphasis is upon seeking to explore the patterns of unanticipated and expected relationships in cases or phenomena,
- Researchers achieve this by exercising their subjective judgement whilst making it visible how their preconceptions shape the knowledge produced through personal reflexivity in a form of self-analysis and self-evaluation during the research,
- Furthermore, qualitative research seeks to understand the inside perspectives of the participants from the participants themselves.
It is therefore emic and idiographic. The research questions determine the data-collecting strategies. Data is analyzed inductively to understand the meanings the participants assign to their experiences. Moreover, the interpretive nature of the approach enables the researcher to derive insights from the respondents by employing curiosity, open-mindedness, empathy, and flexibility to listen to people narrating their stories in their own natural settings to identify how their experiences and behaviours are shaped by the context of their social, cultural, economic and historical worlds,
Moreover, qualitative research can be used to explore less known or less understood topics or phenomenon to help bring to the forefront unexpected knowledge. Furthermore, the approach is suitable when a detailed in-depth view of a phenomenon is needed to explore a complex process and to illuminate the multifaceted nature of human experience,
Introducing Phenomenology Phenomenology is an approach began by Edmund Husserl and later developed by Martin Heidegger that seeks to study the lived human experiences and the way things are perceived and appear to the consciousness, Phenomenology has evolved into a relatively mature qualitative research methodology during the last decades of the twentieth century largely due to a seismic shift from mainly deductive quantitative research to inductive research.
- Phenomenology has attracted growing interest in everyday experience in the domain of public and professional practice including nursing, education, psychology, and social work,
- Though such interest has also contributed to the proliferation of the approach with little consensus of what constitutes the methodology.
Heated debates have ensued about the appropriate ways to undertake phenomenological research. However, two broad categories can be identified: descriptive and hermeneutic. These follow the broad philosophical traditions of Husserl and Heidegger, respectively,
- The general focus of the descriptive phenomenological approach is to examine the essence or structure of experiences in the way it occurs to our conscious.
- Thus, descriptions of the experiences are anchored rigorously to the data without the influence of any external theory.
- This approach is based on the philosophy of Husserl’s phenomenology which involves the principles of epoché, intentional analysis and eidetic reduction.
Put simply, the researcher is required to adopt a phenomenological attitude and bracket or put aside past knowledge or presuppositions, A sharp departure from the above is the ideas from hermeneutic or interpretative approach which is based on the principles that reduction is impossible and thus, rejects the idea of suspending personal opinions in favour of interpretation of experiences.
- Thus, research findings are suffused with philosophical, theoretical, literary and interpretative lenses resulting to an aspect of human experience grounded on unrestricted imagination and metaphorical sensibility.
- Heidegger, Gadamer, Ricoeur and Lavinas are the key figures of this approach,
- Furthermore, four contemporary phenomenological approaches which do not easily fit the Husserlian and Heideggerian or the descriptive-hermeneutic divide have been identified: Life world approaches; first person accounts; reflexive, relational approaches; and Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA),
Lifeworld is a descriptive and/or hermeneutic research approach used to explore how everyday experience shows itself in the lifeworld of individuals. This approach strives to find the intentional relationship between the conscious, social, perceptual, and practical experiences by analyzing time, space, and the taken-for granted presentation of experience.
- The key philosophers of this approach are Husserl, Heidegger, Sarte, Merleu-Ponty, Schutz, van den Berg, and two contemporary philosophers: Dahlberg and Ashworth,
- In the first-person approach, researchers use their own subjective experiences and descriptive or hermeneutic approaches to examine the quality and essences of a phenomenon.
The approach is inspired by the ideals of Husserl who believes that access to the world is through consciousness as experienced from the first-person perspective. The first-person approach incorporates concrete narrative descriptions of momentous events with theoretical discussion and/or literary flourish thus, catapulting personal reflection to a detailed and deep analysis that embellishes experiences,
In reflexive-relational approaches, data and/or meanings are seen to emerge out of the context or dialogue between the researcher and the participant who is regarded as co-researcher in the embodied dialogical encounter. Researcher reflexivity and researcher-participant (inter-)subjectivity is celebrated.
These approaches can be drawn from any of the major philosophers of phenomenology work, but the works of Gadamer, Gendlin, Levinas and Buber are particularly appreciated because of their dialogical and empirical spirits, Introducing IPA As seen from the above, various phenomenological inspired research approaches use different approaches ranging from pure description to interpretation,
- However, a modern way of conducting a phenomenological research is IPA.
- IPA is particularly attractive because of its commitment to explore, describe, interpret, and situate the participants’ sense making of their experiences,
- The main theoretical underpinnings of IPA: phenomenology, hermeneutics, idiography is next discussed.
IPA and Phenomenology IPA seeks to understand the lived experience by integrating the works of four major phenomenological philosophers: Husserl, Heidegger, Merleau-Ponty, and Sartre to illuminate phenomenology as a singular and pluralist endeavour existing in a continuum.
One of the striking features of IPA is a detailed and systematic analysis of consciousness. Like Husserl, researchers primarily seek to capture the participants’ experiences of a phenomenon by bracketing their fore-knowledge, To identify core structures and features of human experience, Husserl encouraged the questioning of natural attitude through phenomenological reflection and dissuaded things being taken for granted.
Husserl believed that this could be achieved by consciously setting aside our previous knowledge and to detach ourselves from prejudices, prior understandings and our own history, Therefore, given that the basis of IPA is the examination of the thing itself; thoughtful focus and the careful examination of experience in the way it occurs to the participants proposed by Husserl is essential,
- Husserl’s thesis on phenomenology has been criticized by many for being too philosophical, conceptual and difficult to decipher,
- Moreover, the notion that the ultimate human experience can be examined by setting aside pre-conceived knowledge has been dismissed as simplistic and unattainable,
- Furthermore, pure experience advocated by Husserl is elusive and inaccessible because experience is usually witnessed after the event has already happened,
IPA has emerged by identifying more strongly with hermeneutic traditions and utilizing the works of Heideger, Merleau-Ponty, and Sartre to explore and interpret personal lived experience of the participants. The works of these philosophers complement each other and collectively contribute to a mature, multifaceted and holistic phenomenology.
For example, Heidegger’s and Sartre’s phenomenology are focused on existentialism, and Merleu Ponty’s centres on embodiment, Together, these authors have formulated the argument that we are embedded in the world of language and social relationships and that we cannot escape the historical accuracy of all understanding,
Heidegger suggested Dasein to represent the unique existence of human beings or literally being there in the world to express the inter-relationship and inter-connectedness of human experience, Heidegger argued that the primary concern for existential phenomenologists is to investigate and interpret existence as it is humanly experienced,
- Therefore, the IPA researcher embarks on studying Dasein by immersing himself/herself in the world of the participants through a lens of cultural and socio-historical meanings,
- Or to examine what Heidegger terms as throw-ness.
- In that Dasein is thrown into this pre-existing world of people and objects, language and culture, and cannot be meaningfully detached from it.
Thus, Heidegger’s work invites IPA researchers to ground their stance in the lived world of things, people, relationships and language, and question knowledge outside interpretation because interpretation of people’s meaning-making of their experience is fundamental to phenomenological inquiry.
- His work also prompts IPA researchers to be reflexive in their interpretation in relation to their fore-understanding of the phenomenon being investigated,
- As already noted, Merleau-Ponty focused much of his work on subjectivity, embodiment and our relationship to the world,
- Thus, he linked phenomenological description to the human existent as a bodily being or ‘body-subject’,
At the core of his philosophy is a protracted argument about the pivotal role perception plays in understanding and engaging the world, Thus, Merleau-Ponty suggested that humans are unique and different from everything else in the world, and therefore use their holistic sense to engage with the world.
- He also argued that empiricism has failed to adequately conceptualize the mechanisms of perception and judgement, and that it is essential to acknowledge human existence in shaping the elementary principles of knowing the world.
- The lessons IPA researchers can take from Merleau-Ponty’s work is how he portrays the vital role the body plays in knowing about the world.
While it is acknowledged that different phenomenologists place different emphasis on the role of sensation and physiology in relation to intellectual or rationale domain, the place of the body as essential element in experience cannot be overlooked,
- Furthermore, Sartre’s existential phenomenology is about understanding human existence as opposed to understanding the world.
- Central issues of Satre’s work also covered human freedom and responsibility and the psychology of human action,
- In Sartre’s view, human nature is more about becoming than being therefore; there is freedom of choice as well as responsibilities for our own actions.
That said, he acknowledges that certain human complexities require the individual’s life, his biographical history, and the social situation to be taken into consideration. Sartre’s work offers IPA researchers the most comprehensive glimpse of what a phenomenological analysis of human experience should look like in the context of personal, social relationships, and moral encounters,
- IPA and Hermeneutics The next major theoretical underpinning of IPA is hermeneutics, which is the art and science of interpretation or meaning.
- Meaning in this context is deemed as something fluid that is continuously open to new insight, revision, interpretation, and reinterpretation,
- IPA employs four influential philosophers: Heidegger, Schleiermacher, Ricoeur and Gadamer to advance the thesis of hermeneutic phenomenology,
Ricoeur linked phenomenology and hermeneutics by explaining that experience and meaning are closely intertwined. Thus, meaning in his view is indispensable to experience. Hence, for both Ricoeur and hermeneutics experience and language is co-emergent. Language is not only used for descriptive purposes, but as an expressive force of experience.
Experience reveals itself only when it is expressed in poetic, figurative and rhythmic language. Thus, through interactive and textual interpretation, hermeneutic theorists utilize their subjective expressions to reconstruct original meanings during textual interpretation. Hermeneutic phenomenology therefore embraces the literary and poetic aesthetic application of language that emanates from the process and product of research,
Furthermore, Heidegger illuminates that our being in the world presents us with fundamental interpretative situation that compels us to ask questions about our world, Thus, IPA believes that Heidegger’s concept of appearance of being captures the essence of interpretation well.
- The notion is that there is a phenomenon out there ready to be explored but requiring the detective work of the researcher to bring it to light using his/her prior experience, assumptions or preconceptions to make sense of the experience once it is revealed,
- Significantly, Heidegger and Gadamer believed that all understanding assumes an essential element of presumptions and interpretation,
Thus, making sense of the respondents’ narratives requires the IPA researcher to engage in close interpretation, but the researcher may not necessarily be conscious of his/her preconceptions beforehand. But the complex and dynamic way they unpack the relationship between interpretation and fore-understanding may reveal a more robust and cyclical reflexive bracketing,
- An IPA researcher is also said to engage in ‘double hermeneutic’, in that the researcher is making sense of the participants’ sense making.
- Therefore, the researcher assumes a central role in analysis and interpretation of the participants’ experiences,
- Therefore, the researcher intuitively seeks to probe the surface meanings by reading in between the lines for deeper interpretation,
The dynamism of interpretation and reflection resounds excellently with the hermeneutic circle model that deals with the dynamic relationship between the ‘part’ and the ‘whole’ at numerous levels for a holistic analytical interpretation. In relation to IPA, the ‘part’ corresponds to the encounter with the participant in a research project, and the ‘whole’ the drawing of knowledge and experience of the researcher,
- Idiography IPA is also said to be fundamentally idiographic, in that it is committed to the detailed analysis of a phenomenon under investigation,
- It takes great care of each case, offering detailed and nuanced analysis, valuing each case in its own merits before moving to the general cross-case analysis for convergence and divergence between cases,
Researchers are required to carefully follow this idiographic approach throughout the analytic process for a meticulous detailed examination of the convergence and divergence between the participants’ experiences. In view of all that has been discussed so far, one may understand that IPA is indeed a forward-looking research methodology that has the potential in understanding and interpreting the experiences of people, because it offers practical and accessible guidelines in conducting phenomenological research,
However, it has methodological limitations and need to be considered. Criticisms of IPA IPA has been criticized for being riddled with ambiguities as well as lacking standardization, Others also point out that it is mostly descriptive and not sufficiently interpretative, But the increasingly large quantity of publications that outline the theoretical, methodological and philosophical underpinnings of IPA has been pointed out to the critics,
The most vigorous criticism of IPA is that the methodology suffers from four major conceptual and practical limitations. Firstly, IPA like many phenomenological studies gives unsatisfactory recognition to the integral role of language, But in their rebuttal of this criticism, they accept that meaning making takes place in the context of narratives, discourse, metaphors etc., and whilst the primary purposes of IPA are to gain insight into experience, it is always intertwined with language,
- Secondly, questions have been raised whether IPA can accurately capture the experiences and meanings of experiences rather than opinions of it.
- Whilst phenomenology as philosophy is associated with introspection allowing the philosopher to explore his or her experiences through ‘phenomenological meditation’, phenomenology as a research approach relies on the accounts of participants and the experiences of researchers.
Yet, the critical unanswered question is whether both the participants and researchers have the requisite communication skills to successfully communicate the nuances of experiences. Moreover, phenomenological research is suitable with the most eloquent individuals,
This may be particularly the case when interviewing people about sensitive issues such as mental illness. But the criticism could be seen as elitist, suggesting only those having access to the right level of fluency are allowed to describe their experiences. However, it is sensible for readers hoping to use IPA for future projects to note this criticism and take extra attentiveness to collect rich and exhaustive data from participants.
Thirdly, the fact that IPA, like other phenomenological inquiries focuses on perceptions is problematic and limiting to our understanding, because phenomenological research seeks to understand the lived experiences but does not explain why they occur.
- An authentic research inquiry seeking to understand the experiences of its participants will also seek to explore the conditions that triggered the experiences which are located in past events, histories or social-cultural domain,
- But, Smith et al.
- Have argued that IPA uses hermeneutic, idiographic and contextual analysis to understand the cultural position of the experiences people.
Finally, the assertion that IPA is concerned with cognition exposes it to criticism because some aspects of phenomenology are not compatible with cognition and the role of cognition in phenomenology is not properly understood However, Smith et al. rebuff this by arguing that the IPA’s prerequisite of sense-making and meaning-making which encompass formal reflection clearly resonates with cognitive psychology.
In summary, it has been shown from above that even in the presence of solid philosophical foundation; many IPA studies are still conducted badly. Consequently, readers who are planning to adopt IPA are advised to take active steps to give voice to the experiences of the participants, followed by sufficient interpretation of their narratives.
Though, it is important to bear in mind that IPA is fundamentally a subjective research approach, so two analysts working with the same data may come up with different interpretations, Conclusion This study has argued that qualitative research in general and IPA specifically offers flexible and versatile approach to understanding people’s experiences.
What are the criticisms of IPA?
Interpretative phenomenological analysis disadvantages –
IPA involves interpreting individual experiences, opinions, etc.; therefore, researchers can’t generalize the results. Even though the approach can be beneficial in acquiring a large amount of data, the qualitative nature of IPA makes it difficult to analyze a particular piece of information.
Some scholars state that, as with other phenomenological research approaches, IPA tries to understand the experiences but doesn’t explain why certain experiences happen. : Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA)
Is IPA harmful to breath?
► Inhaling Isopropyl Alcohol can irritate the nose and throat. ► Repeated high exposure can cause headache, dizziness, confusion, loss of coordination, unconsciousness and even death. DANGEROUS FIRE HAZARD.
Is Budweiser an IPA?
(Photo: Melissa Hanson | [email protected]) By Nick O’Malley | [email protected] Beer used to be simple. There were a few brands, and they were all pretty much the same. Now? There are thousands of breweries, and dozens of styles to choose from.
For those who don’t keep up with the craft beer scene, it’s not easy to stay up with all the jargon. RELATED: Best of Mass. voting: Which brewery is the best in Massachusetts? For those beginners who want to at least understand what all the beer nerds (like myself) are talking about, this guide is here to help.
If you’re still not 100 percent sure what an IPA is, what hops do or what the difference between an ale and a lager, this guide’s for you. There are countless intricacies when it comes to beer, so I here to iron those out into plain English that’s easier to understand (even if it cuts out a few details that beginners don’t care about yet). IPA is a term thrown around constantly in beer circles. It stands for “India Pale Ale.” This is because an English brewer shipping beer through the East India Co. decided to add extra hops as a preservative to keep the beer intact on the way to India. Incidentally, as the American craft beer scene boomed in recent decades, it turns out that lots of people like beer overloaded with hops. Before we go any further, I should explain hops really quickly. They’re one of the four essential ingredients in beer (water, malt, yeast, hops). They’re aromatic flowers that grow off a viney plant that would normally be considered a weed. Nowadays, hops are cultivated in strains that produce really fun flavors in beer. IPAs are often polarizing for some people who don’t find the hoppy flavor palatable, but they’re still the most popular type of beer on the craft beer scene. There are intricacies to describe different strains of IPAs. But the reality is that people really like IPAs, and brewers can really just create crazy new styles and throw the term IPA on there.
That’s where things like Black IPA or Red IPA come from. (They’re really just hopped up versions of other styles that got the “IPA” thrown on.) With that said, there are actually subdivisions. Here’s a quick rundown: American IPA As mentioned earlier, the IPA was originally a British invention. However, American brewers have taken the concept that was started out of necessity, and have taken it up several notches because it’s awesome.
You’ll see “American IPA” on a menu at times. This is just a “pretty hoppy beer.” You may also see “American Pale Ale.” It’s likely a little less hoppy. Maybe not. Again, it’s all subjective and different for every brewer. West Coast IPA These beers have a reputation of being the first to really just start blowing away palates by throwing in hops by the fistful. These tend to have sharper, pinier flavors. New England IPA That’s right, New England has it’s own beer style, This is a newer trend that’s been spearheaded by brewers such as Alchemist, Tree House and Trillium. NEIPAs are brewed to have a cloudy/hazy look in the glass and aim to produce juicy, thicker flavors – and are smooth and pillowy to drink. “Session” is a term that can apply to any beer. It usually just refers to beer around 4.5-5 percent ABV or lower. It’s a growing trend, and an acknowledgment from brewers that “Hey, maybe we shouldn’t make every beer super boozy.” Since most IPAs hang around 6-7 percent ABV, they’re the style most in need of chilling out for a little bit with the alcohol. IBUs (International Bitterness Unit) You’ll see this term on some beer bottles, especially IPAs. They mark how bitter a beer is. It’s especially useful for judging IPAs, as it’s a good indicator of how intense the hop profile is. It goes as low as about 10. A beer in the 60s is pretty bitter.
Blue Moon Belgian White – 9 IBU (About as unhoppy as it gets) Coors Light – 10 IBU Pabst Blue Ribbon – 12 IBU Sam Adams Boston Lager – 30 IBU (A little hoppier, but not quite bitter) Sierra Nevada Pale Ale – 37 IBU (Starting to get hoppy) Guinness – 45 IBU (Stouts are bitter in their own way. Dark beers don’t get overpowered by hops) Dogfish Head 60 Minute IPA – 60 IBU (Sort of the stard “nice and hoppy” mark) Sam Adams Rebel Rouser Double IPA – 85 IBU Harpoon Leviathan Imperial IPA – 122 IBU (Off the charts)
What’s a normal ABV? The short answer: about 5.0 percent (4.2 percent for light beers). The long answer: Individual beers differ, so the ABV can fluctuate a percent or two given a brewers preferences. But here are some examples of popular beers by their alcohol content.
A normal light beer: Bud Light – 4.2% ABV A lighter stout: Guinness – 4.2% ABV (normal stouts can be lighter on ABV) A session IPA: Founders All Day IPA – 4.7% ABV A normal lager: Sam Adams Boston Lager – 4.9% ABV A normal lager lager: Budweiser – 5% ABV A belgian beer: Blue Moon Belgian White – 5.4% ABV A normal “craft” ale: Sierra Nevada Pale Ale – 5.6% ABV A normal IPA Lagunitas IPA – 6.2 ABV A double IPA: Southern Tier Unearthly – 9.5% ABV An imperial stout: New Holland Dragon’s Milk – 11.1% ABV
Lagers (and pilsners) In American terms, a lager is what many people would call a normal beer. Budweiser? That’s a lager. Pabst Blue Ribbon? That’s a lager. Coors Light? Lager. More specifically, they could be defined as an “American lager.” Some people throw the word “pilsner” around as well. Again, “lager” is a broad term that often gets applied to one specific style. Boston Lager is a Vienna lager, and is pretty much the only example of that beer that people see What’s the difference between an “ale” and a “lager?” By definition, the actual difference is in the way they’re fermented. Ales are fermented as a slightly higher temperature than lagers, and has the yeast sitting at a different level. As for what the actual difference is for the customer: Ales tend to be heavier, darker and more alcoholic beers.
They’re also the type of beers that most American craft brewers tend to brew. Some brewers do make nice, refreshing lagers (like Jack’s Abby in Framingham), but they’re not quite as popular as the big, hoppy ales that tend to dominate the market. ( NOTE : Again, there are a ton of exceptions because beer is big and complicated.
Lagers can be big and boozy, or sharp and hoppy depending on how you brew them. But again, this is a straightforward look at these teams). What makes a “light” beer, or a “double” IPA? Aluminum Bottle Plant AP Photo/Jeff Roberson A light beer has a lower calorie count and alcohol content. A double IPA (or triple IPA, or double stout anything imperial) has a higher alcohol content. There are no exact definitions for “light” or “double” beers, but they tend to fall into a consensus of around 4.2 percent ABV for light beers and 7-10 percent for double IPAs. -db8a7f84f84fe4fe.jpg File Photo No, since they’re made from different ingredients. Cider is make by fermenting apple juice. Meanwhile, beer is made from fermenting malted grains. Seasonal beers Casa Bella 9.jpg Don Treeger / The Republican Each season has a certain set of beers, which is why you only see pumpkin beers in the fall (though they’ve been appearing on shelves earlier and earlier every year). Here’s how they break down: Spring : Bright flavors such as wheat beers or light IPAs/ Summer : Light, refreshing beers, often with lemon (or other citrus) flavors. All beer is made with some sort of grain (usually barley) that’s roasted and turned into malt. These affect the colors and flavors in beers. Darker malts are made by taking a grain and giving it a nice, long roast. This creates a dark beer with roasty flavors (dark stouts or deep amber beers). Blue Moon’s flagship beer is a Belgian-style witbier called Blue Moon Belgian White. It’s a bunch of beer jargon, but is also helpful in showing how beer styles stack on top of each other. Let’s break down each part. Belgian – “Belgian-style” is a pretty vague category.
However, they all have a signature sort of “funk,” an underlying flavor produced by Belgian yeasts. It’s like Chinese food. No matter what you order – even if it’s the broccoli – it sort or just tastes like Chinese food. Only for beer. Witbier/white – Witbiers are also called “whites” because their brewed with wheat and are usually very pale.
So what does this teach us? Beer jargon features a lot of words that mean the same thing – or close to it. Stouts and porters These are the really dark (usually near-black) beers, such as Guinness. These usually have deep, rich and roasty flavors. They’re not always heavier, though. For example a 12 oz. Guinness has fewer calories in it than a 12 oz. Budweiser – and way less than a hoppy beer with an ABV above 5 percent.
Since they’re usually heavy and dark, it should come as little surprise that these are almost always ales. What’s the difference between stouts and porters? There’a minor difference in the malt used to brew the beer. If you don’t care about that, then they’re basically the same. They’re two different styles, essentially the same when you drink them.
How big is a “normal” beer? (AP Photo/Dave Martin, File) A typical pint of beer at a bar is 16 oz. Meanwhile, a bottle or can is 12 oz. Some bars after “tall” beers that clock in at around 22 oz. On the other hand, if a beer has a lot of alcohol in it (like a double IPA or imperial stout), the bar may choose to have the standard serving come in a 12 oz.
glass. These are often served in fancy little “tulip” glasses that look like brandy snifters. What do the different styles of glasses do Generally, a “normal” pint glass (AKA a shaker glass) is perfectly fine for transporting beer from a keg to your face. However, some glasses are shaped differently and do a better job of concentrating aromas when you take a sip.
Some people buy into this and enjoy it. Others think people should shut up and just drink the beer. Either way’s fine, though I do enjoy drinking out of fancy glasses, especially if it’s a roasty coffee stout that smells nice. How to pour a beer well (and not all foamy) I don’t claim to be an expert on it, but I was told to give some guidelines: From a bottle/can: Hold the glass at a 45-degree angle and pour so that the beer slides down halfway like a waterslide. You don’t want it slamming into the glass and foaming. Beer is made by taking a bunch of ground up malted grains and adding hot water. The hot water then converts all the sugars hanging out in there (just like milk soaked up the sugars in a bowl of Frosted Flakes). This mixture is called the “mash.” Then you drain that all out and get this sort of sweetwater called the “wort.” You take that and boil it – adding hops and whatever extra stuff you want to add flavor. Pilsner/Pils – A light, refreshing lager. Whenever you see that, it’s craft beer’s higher quality version of a typical lager. Amber ale – An ale with a little bit sweeter and darker flavors than a pale ale, less hoppy as well. Hefeweizen – A German-style beer brewed with wheat that’s light and popular style for Summer.
Bock/Doppelbock – A strong German lager often with strong, often sweet flavor and decently high ABV. A doppelbock is a “double” bock in terms of strength. Marzen/Oktoberfest – A moderate-level beer that’s a good balance of drinkable and nice maltiness to it. Despite its color, it’s actually a type of lager.
What even is IPA? | The Craft Beer Channel
Scotch Ale – A heavy ale with a noticeable “boozy” hint to it. Berliner Weisse – A beer with a very low alcohol content, and often a sour taste. Lambic – A light beer with palatable fruit flavors. A good choice for people who don’t like many conventional beers.
- Barleywine – One of the most intense beers you can find.
- It’s often sweet, but can have an ABV north of 10 percent.
- Rauchbier – A beer with a lot of smokey flavor Sour – Make with funky yeasts that play around with sour flavors.
- Some people love these, others can’t stand them.
- Do any really need any of this information? Not really.
The key thing is just to find something you like and enjoy it. Try stuff until you find stuff you like. There are a lot of good beers out there, and there’s usually something that caters to every taste. However, if you find a beer you like, it’s much easier to find another one you like if you’re familiar with the style and other aspects. If you’re interested in Massachusetts beer, stay tuned to our Best of Mass Breweries contest. You still have time to vote for the top 10 finalists, Voting closes Wednesday, July 26 at noon.
What does IPA taste like?
The Basics of What an IPA Beer Tastes Like – Every kind of IPA beer has a different flavor. Some have a strong citrus taste, while others are intense and bitter. For example, New England Style IPAs, West Coast IPAs, and English IPAs tend to have more of a fruity flavor.
- They also have a less bitter taste than other kinds of IPAs.
- Somebody who drinks a New England IPA alongside English Coast IPA might notice that the English versions of the beverage are maltier and more bitter.
- In general, brewers who create IPAs add more hops during the brewing process than they do to other kinds of beers such as lagers and ambers.
They do this to add extra flavor and to create more complex aromas. Brewers will add bittering hops during the early stages of the brewing process so that they can get as much bitterness from them as they possibly can. At later stages of the process, they’ll also add aroma and flavor hops which will create more subtle flavors.
What beer is closest to IPA?
I like IPAs. What other beer should I try? – Allagash Brewing Company At this point in time, the most widely available style of craft beer is the IPA (India Pale Ale). This wildly popular and sometimes polarizing style can range from clear to hazy to bitter to juicy. The style’s predominant flavor comes from the higher amount of hops used in the brewing process which provide a pop of tropical fruit, herbs, citrus, or stone fruit (etc.) depending on the hop varieties used.
And if you like an IPA, here are the other styles of beer that we’d recommend you try out. If you love the juicy “fruitiness” of beers like New England style IPAs, we’d recommend seeking out other styles with fruity tastes. These flavors can come from actual fruit, or fermentation using certain English, German, or Belgian yeast strains.
Our very own Allagash Tripel derives all of it’s tropical fruit notes of passion fruit and honey from fermentation with our house yeast strain.
- SUGGESTED BEERS:
- – a dry and balanced golden ale with fruity aromas like passion fruit and honey
- Sierra Nevada Sidecar – Orange pale ale
- Weihenestephaner Hefeweizen – the classic German hefeweizen, balanced notes of banana and clove
- Revolution Brewing “A Little Crazy” – Belgian pale ale
Thankfully, if you like IPAs, there are a lot of similar styles to choose from. While it’s kind of cheating, the obvious move from a straightforward IPA is to try any other beer in the IPA family – Belgian IPA, Red IPA, Double or Black IPA, etc. Any of these styles will have that same predominant “hoppiness” that folks love.
- SUGGESTED BEERS:
- – Belgian-Style IPA
- MadTree Brewing Rounding Third – Red IPA
- 21st Amendment Back in Black – Black IPA
Looking for a more balanced hop presence? Definitely give American-style pale ales a chance. A lot of modern pale ales will be nearly as hop-forward as a typical American-style IPA. As compared to an IPA, expect just a bit more malt character to provide maximum drinkability.
- SUGGESTED BEERS:
- – A hop-forward session ale
- Sierra Nevada Pale Ale – The gold standard of the style
- Odell’s Drumroll APA – A slightly hoppier take on a pale ale
In fact, any beer described as “American-style” will tend to be more hop-forward. An American Amber such as Troeg’s HopBack Amber, or an American Wheat Ale like Three Floyd’s Gumballhead feature bright notes of hop aromas and flavors which will make all IPA lovers rejoice.
- SUGGESTED BEERS:
- Troeg’s HopBack Amber – A balance of hops and malt
- Three Floyds Gumballhead – a wheat ale with a notably fruity hop presence
: I like IPAs. What other beer should I try? – Allagash Brewing Company
What is different about IPA?
Pale Ales vs. IPAs – What’s the difference? – Allagash Brewing Company Pale ale and IPA (historically called India Pale Ale) are two of the most well-known beer styles. Despite similar names, in reality they are part of an extremely diverse group in the pale ale family that have significant overlapping characteristics. The key flavor profile in most modern pale ale and IPA styles comes from, which themselves have a wide range of characteristics.
- Hops can be herbal and peppery, have notes of grapefruit and pine, intense tropical fruit notes like melons and pineapple, or even flavors like vanilla! In addition to prominent hop flavors like these, you can expect a pale golden to amber color with a subtle bready malt flavor.
- With such a broad array of flavors, if you think you’re not a fan of pale ales, there’s a good chance that there’s one out there for you.
Generally speaking, the main differences between pale ale and IPA is that IPAs will have bigger hop flavors and slightly higher ABV (alcohol by volume). Pale ales will usually be between 4.5 – 6.2% ABV, where IPAs will usually sit somewhere between 5 – 7.5% (or more for a double IPA, 7.5 – 10.0%). But let’s step back a bit and see where these styles came from. Back in the 1700’s, British pale ales hit the scene first. Once maltsters figured out how to kiln a pale malt—kilning is the process of drying malts to various moisture levels, changing the beer’s appearance and flavor—”pale ales” of all different varieties sprang up.
The term India Pale Ale wasn’t coined until roughly 1830 when newspapers first mentioned “East India Pale Ale,” which were pale “stock” ales shipped from Britain to India. These historical beers bear little resemblance to what we consider IPAs today. They were often strong, aged beers where the bright hop flavors we think of now would be long gone.
The preservative qualities of the extra hops did help the beer make the long journey across the sea though! Nowadays, there are numerous different subcategories of pale ales and IPAs and many more unofficial styles. In fact, since modern IPAs haven’t made the ship ride to India (and some aren’t even pale), the recent intentionally don’t spell out India Pale Ale anymore—it’s just called an “IPA” now.
What alcohol level is IPA?
American IPAs range in ABV from 5.5-7.5%.