Size. Historically a beer barrel was a standard size of 36 US gallons (140 l; 30 imp gal), as opposed to a wine barrel of 32 US gallons (120 l; 27 imp gal), or an oil barrel of 42 US gallons (160 l; 35 imp gal).
How many beer is in a barrel?
Barrel – The barrel of beer or ale was equal to two kilderkins or 2 ⁄ 3 of a beer or ale hogshead. This is somewhat larger than the wine barrel, barrel (Ale) As with the hogshead the ale barrel underwent various redefinitions. Initially 32 ale or beer gallons (147.9 L), it was redefined in 1688 as 34 ale or beer gallons (157.1 L) and again in 1803 as 36 ale or beer gallons (166.4 L).
What is 1 bbl of beer?
As Indie’s brewmaster, my role in the start up was focused on our beer recipes and the construction of our brew house. Breweries are defined by what size brew house they have, as it is the main factor that determines how much beer they can produce. In the U.S., beer volume is measured in barrels (bbl).
One U.S. barrel is 31 gallons. Large craft (think Sierra Nevada) and macro breweries (Budweiser) operate brew systems that can produce several hundred barrels per batch, while nano breweries have systems that can produce as little as a few gallons. And with our system, we can produce 10 barrels at a time (and are considered a microbrewery).
Though, the size of the brew system is only half the equation, because a brewery also need space to ferment what the brew system produces. Fermenters range in size from being able to hold a single batch up to several batches. When it came time to source our equipment, we had to consider how much beer we could produce given the square footage of our space.
We also wanted a system that offered us flexibility to grow. We decided on a two vessel 10 bbl direct fired system that was American designed and manufactured in China. Having the equipment produced abroad can save a brewer a lot of money, but it comes with the potential risk of poor craftsmanship. That is why it was important for us to use an American-based company that provided excellent customer service and was diligent in overseeing the quality production of the equipment.
In the process, we also learned that it is important to build a trusting relationship with the manufacturer because our interaction with them went far beyond the original purchase. A brew system is complex and requires on-going maintenance, troubleshooting, and add-on parts that may be difficult to source for systems produced overseas.
- We did a ton of research and worked with Minnetonka Brewing and Equipment Company and would recommend them to other breweries.
- As I mentioned, the second component of the brewery and its production capacity is the fermenters.
- The fermenters are located in what is referred to as the cellar of the brewery.
The main factors we considered when choosing fermenters and layout of our cellar were capacity for meeting demand of our core beers and flexibility for the future—we wanted to be able to grow capacity and add fermenters without needing to rearrange the configuration of the tanks.
- The footprint of the fermenters was also important to us.
- Because the footprint of a 10 bbl fermenter is close to that of a 20 bbl or even a 30 bbl fermenter, if we would have filled our cellar with 10 bbl fermenters it would have been a very inefficient use of valuable square footage.
- We opted to start with two 20 bbl fermenters and one 10 bbl fermenter, with the hopes of soon ordering additional 20 and 30 bbl tanks.
Getting to design and order all the components of the brew system and cellar was pretty awesome—definitely a highlight of the start-up process for me.
How many pints is a cask?
Cask of Beer ( 72 Pints )
Why is BBL short for barrel?
Barrel of Crude Oil – The abbreviation BBL refers to a barrel of crude oil. In the oil industry, an oil barrel is 42 US gallons. Some sources say this abbreviation originated with — the first oil giant in the United States, founded in 1870 by John D. Rockefeller. They used blue barrels to store and transport oil, thus BBL originated as a symbol for “blue barrel”. However, other sources believe the additional “b” in BBL may have simply been doubled to indicate the plural, such as 2 BBL.
Is oil really stored in barrels?
Why oil is measured in barrels We can’t really live without oil, but how much do you really know about the slick liquid that powers most of our lives? Not only does it fuel our cars it is also found in plastics and even some types of make-up. But it is important to all of us in another way since it is also one commodity the world tends to fight over.
- The latest oil-related spat is between Iran, and, well, the rest of the world.
- Europe and the US have threatened to stop buying Iranian oil until Tehran ditches its nuclear ambitions.
- In retaliation Iran has threatened to block the Straits of Hormuz, a major artery where oil flows from the Middle East to Europe and beyond, which the US has called an “act of war” if it were to go ahead.
So oil is not only necessary to power our lives but it also determines our geopolitical safety, isn’t it time that we learnt how this market works? Why barrels? One of the most basic questions to ask is why oil is measured in barrels and why is it priced in US dollars? No one actually buys a barrel of oil; it’s not even transported in barrels.
- The main reason is that the US measures it in barrels (one barrel is the equivalent of 42 gallons) and that has become the “normal” way that oil is talked about.
- To understand its origins we need to look back to the 1860’s early oil fields in Pennsylvania USA.
- The first oil that was pumped wasn’t stored in barrels.
In fact it was stored in any type of vessel or jar that could be found, which made it extremely difficult to judge what quantity you bought or sold it in if every jar was a different size. As the oil industry grew during the 19th Century explorers needed to find a way to transport it around the country.
Inspiration came from the whiskey industry. It transported the golden liquid in wooden barrels of a standard size, 40 gallons. Rather than re-invent the wheel, the oil producers took the idea for themselves and so the 40 gallon barrel was created – plus the extra 2 gallons that were added to oil barrels to cover spillages on route to their destinations.
This was revolutionary since it allowed the purchasers of oil to know exactly how much of the stuff they were buying at one time, which was pivotal to the development of the industry that we know today. However, these days pumping crude into 40 gallon vessels would not be efficient or economical so it’s generally pumped straight into tankers or cargo ships, but the concept of the barrel has stuck.
But why is oil quoted at $100 per bbl? Let’s take the bbl bit first. It actually stands for Blue Barrel – hence the double B used in the acronym. The Blue Barrel originated with the Standard Oil Company owned by the Rockefeller family, who used blue barrels to transport their crude. However, its origins aren’t clear and some believe that the BB originates from the two extra gallons included in each barrel to cover any spills or evaporation.
Either way bbl has stuck. Why dollars? But why is oil quoted in dollars and not in the native currency of the user? Some say that it’s because the dollar is the world’s reserve currency and so the most traded currency in the world. Along with that it is traditionally associated with political stability and might.
In other words, since oil trade is big business you need the Daddy of the FX world to pay for it. Another reason is that oil could be pumped in Azerbaijan, get transported to Sweden and then onto France where it is sold to the end user. The complex life-cycle of a barrel of oil (or BBL of oil) means that trading it in one currency is easier for everyone involved.
Otherwise using the example above, the currency exposure of trading the oil would be: Swedish exporter changing krone to Azerbaijani manat, then transferring Azerbaijani manat to euro and back to krone again. If the whole transaction process is completed in dollars then it cuts out a lot of the risk of fluctuating exchange rates out for all involved.
There are plenty of conspiracy theories out there too. Some argue that it benefits the US. If the dollar wasn’t so important to global trade flows then the US could not get away with dollar debasement, which has boosted US trade for decades. However, while the majority of oil trade is done in dollars, there is some completed in other currencies, for example, the US and Europe are making it hard for Iran to settle trade done in dollars, so Tehran has set up a deal to provide India with oil in return for rupees, thus taking out the dollar-part of the transaction altogether.
So the next time you look at the price of oil and wonder what the hell it actually means, now you know. And you might find it comes in handy for pub quiz some time, unless you actually want to trade the stuff one day. : Why oil is measured in barrels
How much oil is left in the world?
World Oil Reserves – See also: List of countries by Oil Reserves There are 1.65 trillion barrels of proven oil reserves in the world as of 2016, The world has proven reserves equivalent to 46.6 times its annual consumption levels, This means it has about 47 years of oil left (at current consumption levels and excluding unproven reserves).
Why are barrels not cylinders?
Barrel shape, construction and parts –
Barrels have a convex shape and bulge at their center, called bilge. This facilitates rolling a well-built wooden barrel on its side and allows the roller to change directions with little friction, compared to a cylinder, It also helps to distribute stress evenly in the material by making the container more curved, A half-completed beer barrel; in wine barrel cooperage this set-up is called “mise en rose”. Casks used for ale or beer have shives and keystones in their openings. Before serving the beer, a spile is hammered into the shive and a tap into the keystone.
- The wooden parts that make up a barrel are called staves, the top and bottom are both called heads or headers, and the rings that hold the staves together are called hoops,
- These are usually made of galvanized iron, though historically they were made of flexible bits of wood called withies,
- While wooden hoops could require barrels to be “fully hooped”, with hoops stacked tightly together along the entire top and bottom third of a barrel, iron-hooped barrels only require a few hoops on each end.
Wine barrels typically come in two hoop configurations. An American barrel features 6 hoops, from top to center: head- or chime hoop, quarter hoop and bilge hoop (times two), while a French barrel features 8, including a so-called French hoop, located between the quarter- and bilge hoops (see “wine barrel parts” illustration).
How many 750s in a barrel?
How Many 750 Bottles Are in a Barrel – The quantity of 750ml whiskey bottles that may be made from a barrel of whiskey varies according to a number of factors, such as the barrel’s size, the whiskey’s proof, and the amount of evaporation that takes place during the aging process. A typical 53-gallon whiskey barrel will typically produce 240–300 750 mL bottles. Based on an average fill level of 120 proof (60 percent alcohol by volume) and an annual evaporation rate of 2%. It is important to keep in mind, though, that these numbers might change depending on the exact qualities of the whiskey and the barrel it is aged in.
What size is a beer cask?
Roll Out The Barrel As a landlord you spend many hours rolling those metal beer containers around your cellar but have you ever stopped to think about why they are that shape and size. The first point to make is that a barrel is a measure, 36 gallons of beer, not a type of container and a cask is just a name for a container the beer comes in.
- The following names are specific to the volume of beer in the container.
- The standard size for cask beer is a firkin, meaning forth of a barrel ( middle dutch ) and contains 9 gallons.
- The next size is a kilderkin, meaning half a barrel ( middle dutch) and contains 18 gallons.
- Next up is a barrel which is 36 gallons and then you have a hogshead, (originally called an oxhead due to the fact that they were branded with the sign of an ox head) and these contain 54 gallons.
Two sizes that you never see in pubs are a butt which is two hogsheads, 108 gallons and a tun which is two butts or 216 gallons. In fact some brewers have gone the other way into smaller containers and send their beer out in a pin which is half a firkin or 4.5 gallons.
- These can also be made of plastic and if they are they are called polypins.
- It is useful to remember these sizes, it’s very common for landlords to talk about selling 10 barrels a week when they actually mean 10 firkins.
- The difference between 2880 pints and 720 pints is a lot! So why is a barrel the shape it is? Well it’s mainly down to strength, as a cylindrical container is stronger than a square one.
They have a convex shape and the bulge in the middle is called the bilge or belly of the barrel. This shape makes them easier to roll in a straight line and also easier to stack on top of each other. It also has the added effect that when they are stillaged flat on their sides the yeast in a cask conditioned beer has a larger surface area to settle into and this area is below the level of the cask tap so minimises the likelihood of sediment being drawn into the beer lines.
- Around the top and bottom of the barrel is the chime ring.
- These normally have slots in them to allow the drainage of water although most people tend to use them as handles, which they were not designed for hence the reason they can have sharp edges.
- The last two parts of the barrel are the keystone, situated at the end of the barrel towards the bottom where the cask tap is inserted, and the shive, where the beer is vented from found on the curved side of the barrel.
This is arranged so that when the barrel is on its side the keystone is at the lowest part of the rim and the shive will be at the highest. There are three main methods of dispensing beer, flat stillage via a cask tap, upright stillage via a metal spear or a plastic floating widget.
Traditionally flat stillage is the preferred method as already mentioned, the design of the barrel facilitates the best removal of the yeast sediment. However, in cellars where space is a premium upright stillage may be adopted as an alternative method. The metal spear is designed to be inserted into the barrel via the keystone and lowered to the bottom then slightly raised to lie above the sediment level, however it is not always easy to determine this and coupled with the fact that you cannot sample the beer prior to connecting to the beer lines means you can run the risk of getting cloudy beer into the lines.
The second method using the floating widget alleviates this problem as the widget is designed to float on the top of the beer with its outlet just under the surface. However, it brings its own issues as you are always taking beer from the top where it is starting to oxidise and you can pull air into your beer lines causing the hand pulls to become “spongy” when operated.