#4: Tells you about your distillate quality – You can assume that the longer you run your distillation around 175-195 degrees Fahrenheit, the more time you will be producing a large amount of high-quality distillate. With some variations and exceptions, this temperature range produces the purest ethanol and will typically be the “hearts” cut of your alcohol run.
- 1 Why mash out at 170?
- 2 Why is 70 alcohol better than 95?
What temp does 70% alcohol burn at?
Flammability of the Product: Flammable. Auto-Ignition Temperature: 399°C (750.2°F) Flash Points: CLOSED CUP: 11.667°C (53°F) – 12.778 deg. C (55 deg.
Does distilling alcohol make it stronger?
An Example of Triple Distillation – Each distillery’s process to double and triple distillation is vastly different, but for the basis of this article I will succinctly explain a standard approach. The fermented distillers beer, at about 8 to 12% ABV, is first distilled in the stripping still – commonly referred too in the Whisky World as the Wash Still.
- The distillate, now called the low wines, is about 25% abv and is held in the Low Wines Holding Tank.
- It is then mixed with the tails from the preceding low wines distillation and distilled in the Intermediate Still.
- This Intermediate Distillation is then split into two parts: strong and weak (those tails).
The latter will be mixed with the next lot of low wines and redistilled in the Intermediate Still. The strong portion is taken forward to be redistilled in the spirit still. This runs as normal, with the heart of the run (referred too as new make spirit) being separated from the Heads and Tails, which are mixed with the distillate obtained from the Intermediate Still, and then redistilled in the Spirit Still.
Why mash out at 170?
Mashout – Mashout is the term for raising the temperature of the mash to 77 °C (170 °F). This stops the enzymatic conversion of starches to fermentable sugars, and makes the mash and wort more fluid. Mashout is considered especially necessary if there is less than 3 liters of water per kilogram of grain (3 pints of water per pound of grain), or if the grain is more than 25% wheat or oats,
Do you discard heads in a stripping run?
Home Distiller Other discussions for folks new to the wonderful craft of home distilling. Moderator: Novice Posts: Joined: Mon Oct 10, 2011 3:48 pm Location: southern maryland by » Mon Jan 14, 2013 3:03 am I have been searching high and low about this subject and cant find anytning( or maybe i ‘m not using the search properly).
The first question is when you make a stripping run on a pot still do you discard the for shots then or do you wait until the spirit run? The second question is if you discard them on the stripping run do you still have to discard more on the spirit run? This site has so much information on it and my head hurts.
I have been able to have some luck with the searches but not much. Soo much info out there. I intend to strip 10 gallons at a time until i have about 10 gallons to do a spirit run using a pot still. Thanks in advance. Er 3 Trainee Posts: Joined: Tue Jul 24, 2012 4:45 pm by » Mon Jan 14, 2013 3:13 am Yes most people around here remove foreshots on every run.
Stripping and spirit. If you are not living on the “Edge”, then you are taking up too much space!!! Novice Posts: Joined: Mon Oct 10, 2011 3:48 pm Location: southern maryland by » Mon Jan 14, 2013 3:24 am I was thinking that but just not sure. So pretty much you will alway have the foreshots. Dont want to waste something that is good.
Thanks for the info. Er 3 Angel’s Share Posts: Joined: Sun Dec 23, 2007 8:07 pm Location: up north by » Mon Jan 14, 2013 9:23 am if you remove fores from each run your not wasting anything, as your removing them from the heads. Distiller Posts: Joined: Fri Mar 30, 2012 2:22 pm by » Mon Jan 14, 2013 9:32 am This is a process that is dependent on personal preference. Some people remove it on the strip runs and some wait until the spirit run. Personally, I remove the fores and early heads under really low power so when I am stripping I am running balls out and I don’t bother with the fores because I am heating and running so fast I don’t want to slow down for anything. When I spirit run I heat a little slower and when I get that first drop out of the pipe I cut power to almost nothing so I can take the fores and heads off super slow. Once I reach into the late heads and early hearts I bump up the power a little and get a nice flow going. This takes a little longer but IMO it pays off in the end product. So, with my method stripping, runs would take a lot longer to remove fores on each run so I wait until the spirit run where I’m taking longer anyway. Current Evolution: MrDistiller > 2″ potstill > copper 4″ perf 4 plate flute “I seal the lid with Silly Putty, that’s OK ain’t it ?” ~ kekedog13 “Attach a vibrator to it and hang it upside down. Let it work” ~Mr. P retired Posts: Joined: Sat Dec 18, 2010 7:42 am Location: Somewhere in the Ozarks by » Mon Jan 14, 2013 9:56 am I toss a foreshots cut on every run. Even if its not fores I’m throwing out. It’s early heads. And you don’t want early heads in your product anyway. Well at least I don’t want them in my finished product. The term waste is generally associated with greed when speaking of this subject. If you want to make a great product you can’t think in terms of either waste or greed. And a great product will more then likely not include any of the stuff that first comes off the still. No mater what run it is. Or what cuts have been made before it. Even if you started with a very clean product. The first drippings will still be a little off. But it all comes down to personal preference. I’ve see people on here that ate perfectly happy with collecting every bit of it and not tossing out anything. Then you have me who tosses out a lot more then most. : Home Distiller
Why is 70 alcohol better than 95?
Medically Reviewed by Carmelita Swiner, MD on November 30, 2022 You can buy rubbing alcohol with a concentration of 70% or 99% isopropyl alcohol. Even though you may think the higher concentration is more effective, experts say 70% is actually better for disinfecting. It has more water, which helps it to dissolve more slowly, penetrate cells, and kill bacteria. The disinfecting power of rubbing alcohol drops at concentrations higher than 80%-85%. Rubbing alcohol works as a natural, less toxic way to get rid of pests on your houseplants. Wipe the insect with a cotton swab dipped in it to stop small outbreaks of mealybugs, aphids, whiteflies, and scale crawlers. It’s common to feel sick to your stomach or throw up after surgery. It’s a side effect of the medicine that helps you to sleep (anesthesia). Some research studies show that breathing in rubbing alcohol on alcohol pads can help to soothe your stomach after surgery. It may work faster than standard anti-nausea medicines, but the effects are short-term. For years, doctors and parents sponged rubbing alcohol onto kids’ skin to treat fevers. It does make skin cooler to the touch, but today, science shows that alcohol is dangerous because it can soak into the skin and cause alcohol poisoning, coma, and even death, especially for babies and small children. Instead, bring down your child’s fever with medicine that has acetaminophen or ibuprofen. Spilled ink on your shirt and don’t have any stain remover? Try rubbing alcohol. The key is to act quickly before the stain dries – older ones are harder to get out. Cover the stain with a pad dampened with rubbing alcohol. Continue to change the pad as it soaks up the ink stain. You can use rubbing alcohol to clean some surfaces. For a DIY glass and window cleaner, mix 1 pint rubbing alcohol with ½ cup ammonia and ½ teaspoon liquid dish detergent. Add enough water to make a gallon and pour into spray bottles. To get bugs and tree sap off of your car, first wash your car and then dab some rubbing alcohol on leftover spots with a cloth. To make a cheap cold pack, pour a 1-1 solution of rubbing alcohol (70%) and water into a reusable storage bag, then pop it into the freezer. You can even add blue food coloring to make it look like a store-bought ice pack. It won’t get hard in the freezer. You can use it on minor sprains and strains. Mix a 1-to-1 solution of rubbing alcohol and white vinegar. Pour a little into each ear, then let it drain out. The mixture helps to restore your ear’s pH levels after an ear infection and dry them out after a long day at the pool. Never combine bleach with rubbing alcohol. It can release dangerous gases that may damage your lungs. Symptoms of chlorine gas exposure include burning in your eyes, throat, and lungs. You can mix a 50/50 solution of water and rubbing alcohol to disinfect your hard-surface countertops, like granite and quartz. Hospitals also sometimes use alcohol towelettes to get rid of germs on small surfaces like stethoscopes, scissors, and thermometers. You can make your own hand sanitizer at home with a few ingredients. Mix ⅔ cup of rubbing alcohol and ⅓ cup of aloe vera gel in a bowl until blended. You can add a few drops of essential oil, in a fragrance you like, to mask the alcohol smell if you want. You can use rubbing alcohol on some surfaces like marble, limestone, or terrazzo, but not on wood. The chemical will damage a wood finish. And while it’s safe to use in a pinch on coated leather, like in your car, over time, it will damage and discolor the leather. Use special cleaners made for leather and wood instead.
Can you burn 40% alcohol?
1. Vodka – Most of the vodkas are 40% in alcohol volume or over, which means they will burn with a clean, blue flame. For example, our own Koskenkorva vodka 60% will flame up nicely.
What is the temperature of ethanol distillation in Celsius?
Distillation – The science of distillation Distillation does not produce alcohol, it merely concentrates it. To produce a distilled spirit you need to start with an alcoholic liquid (‘wash’) to distil your spirit from. The majority of vodkas and all whiskies are distilled from a wash which is essentially beer made by fermenting cereal grains.
Potable (a fancy word for ‘drinkable’) alcohol is a liquid called ethanol. And because ethanol alcohol boils at a lower temperature than water the two liquids can be separated by evaporation. So by heating the wash in an enclosed environment (the still) and capturing the alcohol vapours emitted it is possible to concentrate the alcohol by boiling it off from the water which is left behind as it needs more energy before it can evaporate.
This process is complicated by the fact there are different types of alcohol and other chemical compounds present besides ethanol, all with different boiling points. These are collectively known as congeners and these chemicals give spirits character and flavour.
- Some congeners are desirable in small quantities, others should be removed as completely as possible during distillation.
- In vodka production more of these congeners will need to be removed than if you were making a less pure, more characterful spirit such as tequila or cachaça, or a spirit that will undergo a prolonged maturation process such as cognac or whiskey, as evaporation during aging process will facilitate the removal of some congeners while others are softened by interaction with the wood.
Ethanol alcohol, the potable alcohol which the distiller wants to capture has a boiling point of 78.2˚C. Other, less tasty and often harmful congeners have boiling points that are slightly higher or lower than Ethanol. During the distillation process the first vapours to boil off the water are the more volatile alcohols, those with the lowest boiling point.
These are variously known as ‘heads’ or ‘foreshots’ depending on the part of the world you are in and the product being distilled. Next comes the desirable ethanol alcohol, usually described as being the heart. By diverting the flow of spirit emerging from the condenser the heads can be discarded and the heart separated and saved.
As the alcohols with the lower boiling points have now evaporated, this leaves water, proteins, carbohydrates and less volatile alcohols with higher boiling points, better known as ‘tails’, or ‘faints’. The still will be run to separate these less volatile alcohols from the watery wash until the liquid left in the still is around 1% alcohol by volume.
- It is not economical to further separate the little remaining alcohol and the ‘pot ale’ left in the still will be sent for processing or simply spread over fields as fertiliser.
- The tails and sometimes also the heads will be retained and added to the wash of the next distillation so recycling any trapped ethanol.
One of the skills of a distiller is judging the right moment to “cut” the stills outflow from heads to hearts and hearts to tails. The smaller the percentage of heart so the greater the purity of the heart but this means sacrificing more valuable ethanol.
What is the best temperature to brew alcohol?
What is the ideal temperature to brew my beer at? With beer brewing, the rule of thumb is the cooler and more consistent you can keep your fermentation the better! When yeast is forced to work at higher temperatures, it will produce a large amount of fermentation by-products, such as esters and fusel alcohols.
These by-products are responsible for all sorts of weird flavours in beer, flavours that are not associated with good beer! Therefore the cooler and more consistent you can keep your fermentation, the less esters your yeast will produce and the cleaner more commercial taste you will achieve for your beer! Most generic yeasts that come with your beer tin concentrates will usually specify fermenting between 20-25C, although this will give you your best results, these yeasts generally can handle fermenting warmer (up to 28-30C) with a lot less noticeable esters than if you were using specialty yeast.
Again though, the recommendation would to be to stay as close to the ideal fermentation temperature as possible! When purchasing and using specialty yeast, the esters caused by warmer fermentation is a lot more noticeable. The ideal fermentation temperature is usually 18C-20C for ALES (with a 2-3 week fermentation time).
What is the range of alcohol thermometer is 10 degree to Celsius?
It measures from -10 to 110 degrees Celsius.