|A Stroh’s beer promotion was blamed for the riot|
|Date||June 4, 1974|
|Location||Cleveland Stadium, Cleveland, Ohio|
|Cause||Fan animosity from previous game combined with low-point beer being sold cheaply and liberally (10 cents per cup, up to 6 cups at a time)|
|Participants||Cleveland Indians and Texas Rangers baseball clubs, several thousand inebriated attendees|
|Outcome||Rangers/Indians game forfeited to Texas|
|Non-fatal injuries||Various players, officials, and fans (exact count unknown)|
|Property damage||Damage to the field of Cleveland Stadium; bases stolen, never returned|
|Suspects||9 fans arrested|
Ten Cent Beer Night was a promotion held by Major League Baseball ‘s Cleveland Indians during a game against the Texas Rangers at Cleveland Stadium on June 4, 1974. The promotion was meant to improve attendance at the game by offering cups of low-alcohol beer for just 10 cents each (equivalent to $0.59 in 2022), a substantial discount on the regular price of 65 cents (equivalent to $3.86 in 2022), with a limit of six beers per purchase but with no limit on the number of purchases made during the game.
- Six days earlier, the Indians and the Rangers had been involved in a widely-publicized bench-clearing brawl ; the game therefore drew a rowdy and belligerent crowd.
- As the game proceeded, on-field incidents and massive alcohol consumption further agitated the audience, many of whom threw lit firecrackers, streaked across the playing field, and openly smoked marijuana.
Most sober fans departed early, leaving an increasingly drunk and unruly mob behind. Continued degradation of the game culminated in a riot in the ninth inning when fans rushed the field, Players were forced to protect themselves with bats while retreating from the field.
- 1 What happened on 10 cent beer night in Cleveland?
- 2 What beer is at the 10 cent beer night?
- 3 When was beer mad?
Who came up with 10 cent beer night?
On June 4, 1974, at Cleveland Municipal Stadium, the Texas Rangers faced the then Cleveland Indians on a night in which the powers that be, hoping to pack the stadium, offered the locals 10 cent beers. It went about as well as one could have hoped.
What happened on 10 cent beer night in Cleveland?
Many Cleveland fans know the story of 10 Cent Beer Night, a tale told generation after generation with the short version like this: On that night at the stadium, a dime got you a beer, there was little oversight, a six-beer ‘limit’ was in place, fans got drunk, dozens ran on the field intermittently throughout the game
How many people were at 10 cent beer night?
On June 4, 1974 the Cleveland Indians held a promotion called Ten Cent Beer Night at Municipal Stadium during a game against the Texas Rangers. It was exactly what it sounds like: the Indians gave unhappy people who rooted for a bad team unlimited quantities of nearly-free alcohol and it turned into utter chaos.
Ten Cent Beer Night has been much written about over the years so most of you probably know the broad details of it all. It’s pretty straightforward: the 1974 Indians were a pretty miserable squad. They were actually an improvement, though, over the 1969-1973 clubs, but that wasn’t saying much. Either way, all of that losing and meant for tons of empty seats at the lakefront ballpark.
As a result, the team’s front office was looking for any way it could to boost attendance. Whenever people talk about the disaster that Ten Cent Beer Night became on that June 4 in Cleveland, they almost always add jokes such as “who could’ve seen that coming?” and “what could possibly go wrong?” The thing was, though, the riot that ensued in Cleveland was at least something of a surprise.
The Rangers themselves had actually done a Ten Cent Beer Night in Texas recently and it went off just fine. So while, yeah, it was still probably ill-advised, it’s not like it was unprecedented. There was at least some reason to believe it’d work. There was one other complicating factor that often gets overlooked as well: it was probably a really bad idea to hold the promotion on the night they played the Rangers.
Why? Because just six days earlier, when the two teams met down in Texas, things got ugly. For whatever reason a lot of pitches were thrown at batters’ heads which led to a brawl erupting – a proper 1970s brawl, with actual punches thrown and landed, not one of the modern pushes-at-most affair – followed by multiple ejections and fans throwing things at Indians players.
- In light of that, a lot of fans showed up to Municipal Stadium packing both attitudes and firecrackers and other things they intended to throw on the field anyway.
- Adding cheap beer to that mix was not good.
- Also not good: the number of fans who showed up.
- While the attendance was only 25,000, and while that might seem small by today’s standards, the average Tuesday night game in Cleveland in 1974 would attract only 12-13,000 fans tops.
As such, the ballpark staff was probably not prepared to deal with that many people getting out of hand. Another thing people sometimes miss is that the actual riot that ended the game didn’t happen until the ninth inning. Much of the chaos simply occurred as the game was being played.
- The firecrackers going off for one thing.
- Also a good bit of nudity.
- It was 1974 and 1974 was the year of the streaking craze,
- Early in the game a woman entered the playing field, stood in the on deck circle and flashed her breasts before trying to kiss the home plate umpire.
- Later a guy who streaked to second base, sliding and everything which, man, that couldn’t have felt good.
A father and son team mooned the bleachers. Things were lit. And increasingly ugly. As the beer continued to flow – limit six, but there was no practical enforcement preventing people from returning to the beer stands over and over again, getting six cups each time – more fans would run out onto the field, some being apprehended by ushers, most scurrying back into the stands.
- Beer, batteries, tennis balls, golf balls, and other things fans brought to the park were thrown onto the field with increasing frequency.
- At one point someone threw a glass bottle of Thunderbird at Mike Hargrove, just missing him.
- The actual riot came in the bottom of the ninth, just as the Indians had rallied to tie it at five.
Here let’s go to Paul Jackson’s seminal story on Ten Cent Beer Night from ESPN back in 2008 : The winning run stood on second base when a young man jumped from the outfield seats and (perhaps searching for a memento to mark the occasion) flipped the cap off Rangers outfielder Jeff Burroughs’ head.
- The outfielder turned to confront the fan and tripped over his own feet in the process.
- For the first time that evening, the chaos enveloped a player.
- The slope of the diamond made it impossible for Martin to see below the level of an outfielder’s knees from his station in the dugout.
- The legendary manager, in a moment that does not get large enough print on his long and colorful résumé, did not hesitate after Burroughs fell from view.
“Let’s go get ‘em, boys,” he said, arming himself with a fungo bat and sprinting toward right-center field. The Rangers, understandably inspired, followed him. Martin and his team stormed the diamond, infielders filling out their ranks. When they reached the outfield, the Rangers found Burroughs flustered but unharmed.
More worrisome was the effect of their charge on the assembly: The jovial, frolicking nudists had disappeared. The mob that replaced them kept its clothes on and brandished an arsenal that made Martin’s Louisville Slugger look like a child’s toy. The Rangers manager spotted people wielding chains, knives and clubs fashioned from pieces of stadium seats.
The 25 Texas players quickly found themselves surrounded by 200 angry drunks, and more were tumbling over the wall onto the field. The Texas Rangers had been ambushed. At that point Indians manager Ken Aspromonte ordered his players to grab bats and take the field to help the Rangers players defend themselves.
- The scene devolved into a fan vs.
- Player battle for a time.
- When a brief lull occurred, Martin and Aspromonte led the players through a tunnel and off the field.
- Fans then took over the field, ripping up grass, stealing bases, and the whole deal.
- The Cleveland police eventually showed up to clear the field.
Somehow only nine people were arrested. Later, in the clubhouse, Martin told a reporter, “that was the closest you’re ever going to be to seeing someone get killed in this game of baseball. Burroughs seemed to be surrounded. Maybe it was silly for us to go out there, but we weren’t about to leave a man on the field unprotected.
- It seemed that he might be destroyed.” For his part, Burroughs – who would go on to win the AL MVP Award that year – joked that he was happy for the forfeit because it erased his 0-for-3, two-strikeout night at the plate.
- Here’s what Aspromonte said afterward: “It’s not just baseball.
- It’s the society we live in.
Nobody seems to care about anything. We complained about their people in Arlington last week when they threw beer on us and taunted us to fight. But look at our people – they were worse. I don’t know what it was, and I don’t know who’s to blame, but I’m scared.” The crew chief, Nestor Chylak, had been injured with a blow to the back of the head during the riot.
- Here’s what he had to say: “F***ing animals.
- You just can’t pull back a pack of animals.
- When uncontrolled beasts are out there, you gotta do something.
- I saw two guys with knives, and I got hit with a chair,
- If the f***ing war is on tomorrow, I’m gonna join the other side to get a shot at them.” Which, um, OK.
The best part: THE INDIANS HELD A SECOND TEN CENT BEER NIGHT ONE MONTH LATER! They drew 41,000 fans to the park for that one, but there was no riot because, unlike the case on June 4, fans were limited to two ten cent beers and the staff kept a close watch on folks to make sure they didn’t cheat.
- As I’ve noted in the past, I am less shocked by the riot itself than I am about the conditions which led up to it, as described in Jackson’s story.
- Back then it was simply an accepted notion that people are going to come and get wasted at the ballpark and it was just accepted that a certain amount of rowdy behavior was going to go down.
And I mean at normal games, not just weird instances like this. There was no thought on limiting fan’s beer intake. No thought about adding extra security. There was just a sense that some ugliness would happen at baseball games. And, really, that attitude remained until the late 1980s.
An attitude in which it was simply expected that you’d deal with hostility, drunken obnoxiousness and maybe even some low-level violence at the old ball game. Bill James wrote about a little about this in his New Historical Baseball Abstract, I remember my parents planning trips to Tiger Stadium in the late 70s and early 80s well aware that there were certain places where you simply could not sit with children.
These days even the slightest bit of a ruckus at the ballpark makes big news it’s so rare, but before the late 80s it was commonplace. Riots, of course, were limited to Ten Cent Beer Night. Well, Disco Demolition Night too, but we’ll save that one for July 12.
Where was 10 cent beer night?
CLEVELAND, Ohio — Beer-fueled fans rushed the field in the ninth inning, halting a late rally by the Cleveland Indians, as umpires declared eventually their game against the Texas Rangers a forfeit on June 4, 1974 at old Municipal Stadium. Cleveland’s 10-cent beer night promotion had devolved into an unmitigated disaster.
- In a memorable but ugly scene, Texas manager Billy Martin led Rangers players onto the field with bats in hand after their right fielder, Jeff Burroughs, appeared to be knocked to the ground by two Cleveland fans trying to swipe his cap.
- With more fans charging onto the playing surface, Indians manager Ken Aspromonte and his club tried to restore order, but were overwhelmed by the intoxicated rioters.
Twelve fans were arrested as nearly two dozen additional police cars responded to the stadium. The Indians’ security force of 50 was grossly outnumbered by more than 25,000 fans whose access to 10-cent beer cups went mostly unchecked throughout the evening.
- The Indians and Rangers had met six days earlier in Texas during a 10-cent beer promotion at Arlington Stadium.
- Tensions ran high that night as the clubs brawled on the field, and Rangers fans showered Indians players with food and beer when the team returned to its dugout.
- Martin quipped after the game that he wasn’t concerned about retaliation when the Rangers came to Ohio because “They don’t have enough fans there to worry about.” So, Cleveland radio host Pete Franklin spent the next week rallying Tribe fans against the Rangers, who were scheduled to arrive in town to open a three-game series.
It was evident early on that June night that Cleveland’s 10-cent beer promotion would get out of hand as fans occasionally darted onto the field in various states of undress while the Rangers were building a 5-1 lead. Streakers and flashers were led off the field in the third and sixth innings, but the game continued as crew chief Nestor Chylak tried to maintain order.
- Texas jumped out to a four-run advantage behind a pair of home runs from Tom Grieve off Indians starter Dick Bosman.
- But Cleveland scored twice in the sixth and two more in the ninth and had the game-winning run in scoring position when the melee broke out.
- Chylak and Indians pitcher Tom Hilgendorf were each struck in the head by metal folding chairs and Burroughs suffered a thumb injury.
Many Indians fans on the field were pummeled, kicked and punched by Rangers players trying to defend themselves. Eventually officers dispersed the crowd with tear gas and batons. Since the advent of stadium lighting, only five major-league games have been declared forfeits, including the Washington Senators’ final game at RFK Stadium before the club eventually moved to Texas to become the Rangers. – New Indians face masks for sale: Here’s where you can buy Cleveland Indians-themed face coverings for coronavirus protection, including a single mask ($14.99) and a 3-pack ($24.99). All MLB proceeds donated to charity. More Indians coverage Indians, and everyone else, flying partially blind into the 2020 MLB draft On Carrasco, MLB labor talks, virtual MLB draft and the Indians’ simulated season Is 50 games enough of a MLB season for players, fans? Podcast Indians’ history of player development reduces uncertainty of 2020 draft: Tribe Take Armando Galarraga was perfect until Jim Joyce wasn’t: Tribe history: MLB owners, players revert to salary squabbles of old Does MLB players’ latest proposal move the needle in negotiations? (podcast) Rolling with Corey Kluber: Tribe history What will the Indians look like when this year is over? The week in baseball Do Indians have a pitcher to match Corey Kluber’s sustained success? Hey, Hoynsie! If you purchase a product or register for an account through one of the links on our site, we may receive compensation.
When was 10 cent beer night in Cleveland?
- ^ Kozloski, Hank (June 27, 1971). “Cleveland Indians Plan Nickel Beer Day in July”, Mansfield News Journal, Cleveland.p.63. Archived from the original on August 19, 2016, Retrieved July 26, 2016, Dime Beer Day was a king-size success in Houston’s Astrodome, Then the Milwaukee Brewers held a Dime Beer Day and, being the beer capital of the world, it, too, was a smasheroo. Now the Indians are going the Astros and Brewers one better. They’re planning a combination Nickel Beer and Helmet Day July 5. That’s a Monday afternoon (1:30) single game with the Washington Senators, It works this way: dad can buy a 12-ounce cup of suds for five cents, while junior gets an Indians batting helmet if he (or she) is under 16. The nickel beer will be available before and during the game behind the centerfield fence and at special stands throughout the stadium, but not at regular concession stands. Helmets will be given away at all gates, and “NO” combination admission is required.
- ^ Jump up to: a b Schneider, Russell (May 30, 1974). “Rangers top Indians, 3–0”. The Plain Dealer,p. G1.
- ^ “Retrosheet Boxscore: Texas Rangers 3, Cleveland Indians 0”, Retrosheet, May 29, 1974. Archived from the original on May 30, 2021.
- ^ Braham, Jim (May 30, 1974). “Here’s beer in your eye? Could be for Texas’ Martin”. The Cleveland Press,p. E2.
- ^ Coughlin, Dan (2010). Crazy, with the Papers to Prove It: Stories About the Most Unusual, Eccentric and Outlandish People I’ve Known in 45 Years as a Sports Journalist, Gray & Company, Publishers. pp.75–83. ISBN 978-1-59851-068-3,
- ^ Lebovitz, Hal (June 6, 1974). “Where was the warning?”. The Plain Dealer,p. F1.
- ^ Lebovitz, Hal. “10,000 six packs?” The Plain Dealer, June 9, 1974: 2C
- ^ Jump up to: a b c d e f g h i j k Jackson, Paul (June 4, 2008). “The night beer and violence bubbled over in Cleveland”, ESPN, Archived from the original on October 17, 2008, Retrieved June 8, 2008,
- ^ “Remember 10-cent beer night?”, ESPN, June 2, 2014. Archived from the original on August 1, 2019, Retrieved August 1, 2019,
- ^ Netzel, Andy (June 2007). “The Experience: Swiping Jeff Borroughs’ cap on 10-cent Beer Night”, Cleveland Magazine, Archived from the original on April 7, 2014, Retrieved June 4, 2012,
- ^ “Fans cost Tribe forfeit to Texas”, Milwaukee Sentinel, Associated Press, June 5, 1974.p.1, part 2.
- ^ Jump up to: a b “This Week in Baseball History: Ten Cent Beer Night”, Coffeyville Whirlwind, Archived from the original on July 24, 2008, Retrieved July 5, 2011,
- ^ O’Connor, Ian (April 17, 2003). “Alcohol puts a damper on fun and games”, USA Today, Archived from the original on July 13, 2004, Retrieved May 25, 2010,
- ^ Neyer, Rob (2006). Rob Neyer’s Big Book of Baseball Blunders, Simon & Schuster, pp.175–176,
- ^ Campbell, W. Joseph; Daniels, Robert (July 19, 1974). “Sanity reigns at Beer Night II”. The Plain Dealer,p.1–A.
- ^ Castle, George (July 11, 2016). “New book takes a new spin on historic Disco Demolition night”, Cook County Chronicle, Archived from the original on June 25, 2020, Retrieved May 14, 2020,
- ^ Eaton, Sabrina (February 23, 2008). “Russert returns to Cleveland State for debate”, Cleveland.com, Cleveland Live. Archived from the original on June 8, 2009, Retrieved July 5, 2011,
What beer is at the 10 cent beer night?
On June 4, 1974, the Cleveland Indians held “Ten Cent Beer Night.” The club intended to offer as much eight-ounce Stroh’s beer as fans could drink—and for only 10 cents a pop. Now some background from before the Indians played the Texas Rangers that night.
Six days earlier there was a bench-clearing brawl between the two teams at Arlington Stadium in Texas. In the fourth inning of that game, Texas player Tom Grieve was walked. Lenny Randle hit a single, and the next batter hit a ground ball to Indians third baseman John Lowenstein, who stepped on third and threw to second, but the play was disrupted by a hard slide from Randle.
Milt Wilcox, the pitcher for Cleveland in the eighth inning, retaliated by throwing the ball behind Randle’s head. Randle bunted, and as Wilcox retrieved the ball and tried to tag him, Randle forearmed Wilcox. Indians first baseman John Ellis then proceeded to punch Randle, resulting in a brawl that featured Texas fans pouring beer on the Indians players.
Okay, now on to “Ten Cent Beer Night.” Early in the game, the Texas Rangers had a 5-1 lead. Meanwhile, the intoxicated crowd continuously misbehaved. This included a woman running onto the Indians on deck circle and flashing her breasts and trying to kiss the umpire, and a naked man running onto the field and sliding into second base as Grieve hit his second home run of the game.
Also, a father and son ran into the outfield and mooned the fans in the bleachers. The ugliness of the game took a turn for the worse when Leron Lee of Cleveland hit a line drive that hit Rangers pitcher Ferguson Jenkins in the stomach, causing him to fall to the ground.
Fans in the upper deck of Municipal Stadium chanted: “Hit em’ again! Hit em’ again! Harder! Harder!” As the game continued, the fans continued to cause problems, including throwing hot dogs and spitting at Texas’ Mike Hargrove, and firing fireworks at the Texas dugout. Hargrove was also almost hit by a gallon jug of Thunderbird.
In the bottom of the ninth, Cleveland tied the game up at five. However, after nine innings of consuming amazing amounts of alcohol, the situation took a turn for the worse. In the ninth inning, a fan tried to steal Rangers player Jeff Burroughs’s hat, and confronting the fan, Burroughs tripped and fell to the ground.
- Texas manager Billy Martin, believing that Burroughs was attacked, charged onto the field with his players right behind him, some wielding bats.
- But most of the intoxicated fans had knives, chains, and portions of the stadium’s seats that they had ripped off.
- En Aspromonte, the manager of the Indians, realizing that some of the Rangers’ players lives were in danger, told his players to grab bats and help them out.
Rioters then began throwing folding chairs, one of which hit Cleveland reliever Tom Hilgendorf in the head. Hargrove was involved in a fist fight with a fan, and had to fight another one when making his way back to the Rangers dugout. Among those involved was Rusty Torres, who was on second base at the time of the riot, and was the winning run.
- Torres already had brawl experience, having been in the brawl during the Yankees-Senators game, which was the Senators last in Washington.
- The bases were stolen and never returned, and rioters pelted the players with cups, rocks, bottles, hot dogs, radio batteries, popcorn containers, and the folding chairs.
Joe Tait and Herb Score, who called the game on Indians radio, noted the lack of police protection, and a riot squad eventually showed up and ended the brawl. Umpire Nestor Chylak called the game a forfeit in favor of Texas. Chylak himself had been cut in the head with a stadium seat, and also suffered a cut in his hand from a flying rock.
What is the name of the Cleveland beer guy?
CLEVELAND, Ohio – Les Flake, better known as “the beer guy” at Progressive Field, has been a vendor for the Indians for 42 years. “Not the mailman, not the tax man, not the gas man,” he yells across Progressive Field. “The beer guy’s here!” Flake’s game days begin about an hour before first pitch.
- He starts by getting his change for the day, then loading up his carrier with nothing but cold beer and water.
- Before “play ball” is called, Flake typically stakes out near the Budweiser Home Run Porch in left field and lures incoming fans in with his chants.
- Once the players take the field, Flake returns to the vendor station near Section 172 to reload with both beverages and ice.
Now, the beer guy is ready to start the ultimate workout, walking the perimeter of the stadium in seven innings. He typically sells a case or two of beer on weekdays, and four or five cases on weekends. Across the stadium, 53 vendors criss-cross the sections to sell beer, water, pop, popcorn, hot dogs and other goodies each game.
Beer: 8,302 (weekend), 1,125 (weekday) Water: 770 bottles Hot dogs: 510 Popcorn: 145 boxes Cotton candy: 230 bags Peanuts: 240 bags
The beer guy’s favorite section? The bleachers because the fans are cool and laid back. His most memorable season? 1995. But he has hopes for a championship in 2016. “Can you imagine? The Cavs, the Monsters, the Indians?” Flake asked. “This is our year!” Dorothy “Cha Chee” Horvath, Progressive Field’s vending manager, makes sure there are enough vendors to serve all fans with an ice cold beverage or a classic ballpark delicacy.
- Horvath has known Flake since 1994, when the two walked the stairs of what was then Jacobs Field.
- Les is wonderful,” Horvath exclaimed.
- I can always count on Les.” It is clear the beer guy loves his job.
- Everywhere I go, people know me as the beer guy,” Flake said.
- I love what I’ve been doing.
- You interact with people, you’re a small part of the sports scene, the Indians.
When did BrewDog in Cleveland Open?
BrewDog Cleveland to open to the public Dec.3 Scottish craft brewer will open its new Cleveland location in the Flats, featuring an expansive bar and restaurant, massive riverfront patio and outdoor games, to the public on Friday Dec.3. Founded in Scotland in 2007 and known for core beers like Elvis Juice, BrewDog officially established its American foothold with the 2017 opening of a brewpub in the Columbus suburb of Canal Winchester.
The company incorporated in Columbus, where it keeps headquarters for BrewDog USA, in 2015. The company has been sniffing around for a Cleveland location since planting its flag in Columbus several years ago. But plans for its long-anticipated expansion in Northeast Ohio became clearer following a presentation submitted to the Cleveland City Planning Commission Eyes have been on the Scranton Peninsula’s Avian building on Carter Road where BrewDog is setting up shop since then.
Its 28,000-square-foot space will feature 28 taps (including a mix of BrewDog and “other local crafts,” according to the brewery), a 3.5 hectoliter brewing zone for small, one-batch beer batches for the taproom, a 10,000-square-foot riverfront patio, fire pits, games and an interactive “beer school.” The school is not a literal school in terms of offering brewing classes, but more of an informational area.
That space will be next to the brewing zone and include graphics on the history of beer plus a large TV that guests can use to play videos, learn about how beer is brewed, do tastings and watch episodes of “The BrewDog Show,” which features company co-founders James Watt and Martin Dickie traveling the world to craft collaboration beers with other brewers.
“BrewDog is excited to be in this space because it offers an incredible view of the city and maintains the building’s telltale personality with exposed brick walls and concrete columns,” said the company in a statement. “We absolutely love Cleveland and it has an amazing beer scene,” Keith Bennet, a special projects and business development manager with BrewDog,.
- Since we landed in Columbus in 2015, we’ve been really excited about finding a place we could call home in Cleveland.
- We just wanted to make sure we found the perfect spot.” In total, the facility will seat about 650 guests, with about 400 of those being outdoors.
- It’s expected to employ about 75 people.
The brewery said it is marking the Cleveland opening with some promotional events. BrewDog Cleveland will hold a raffle for the first 100 people through the door Dec.3. Prizes include: a trip to BrewDog Las Vegas (once it opens to the public, specific timing is to be determined); a stay at the DogHouse Columbus, which includes a tour and free bar tab at the adjacent BrewDog Columbus location; dinner for four at BrewDog Cleveland, which includes a meal tab up to $100 and $80 in merch.
- BrewDog Cleveland will also host an “epic tailgate” on Sunday, Dec.12, when the Cleveland Browns host the Baltimore Ravens.
- Per a description of the event by BrewDog: Come to BrewDog Cleveland for beer, food, a viewing of the local football game, bagpipes, and live music from Columbus band the Deeptones.
‘Table Tailgate’ packages will be available and include eight (8) BrewDog headliner beers and 100 wings for $50 for two (2) hours. Free event; reservations are encouraged but walk-ins will be available. You can see several additional renderings for the BrewDog Cleveland facility,
When was beer mad?
The Sumerians – There are some theories that beer brewing happened at Godin Tepe settlement (now in modern-day Iran) as early as 10,000 BCE when agriculture first developed in the region. The people who lived in the land between the Euphrates and Tigris rivers considered beer a very important part of their diet. They called it ” the divine drink ” because of its intoxicating effect. Alulu beer receipt – This records a purchase of “best” beer from a brewer, c.2050 BC from the Sumerian city of Umma in ancient Iraq The first solid proof of beer production comes from the period of the Sumerians around 4,000 BCE. During an archeological excavation in Mesopotamia, a tablet was discovered that showed villagers drinking a beverage from a bowl with straws.
What year did they start serving cold beer?
Beer in the Old West Classic westerns and series like Deadwood and Hell on Wheels would have us believe that the only liquid served at saloons was whiskey, or, rather, a rough approximation of it. But after the Civil War, beer started showing up in Western saloons and became very popular, as well. What was beer like in the 1800s Old West? L ager or ale, dark or pale, hopped or sweet? It depended on where you were. In some outer reaches and there were plenty of those in the early West, most beer was home-brewed and devoid of hops since they didn’t grow well in many hot places.
- Most brews would have come from grains but lower quality grains not used for bread making.
- And it would have tasted sweet like a whiskey mash before distillation.
- But beer in the Old West suffered the same bastardizations as whiskey; saloon keepers and bartenders would often dilute beer with “enhancers” or water to maximize their profits.
In 1870, a glass of beer cost about 10¢, about $1.77 today. As more German immigrants who knew the art of brewing moved West or to places like Wisconsin and Missouri from which beer could be easily transported West, kegged beer started to pick up in popularity. (See America’s Top Ten Oldest Beers.) German brewers introduced better grains, better water sources, better yeasts, and hops. The earliest brewery in the U.S. was Yuengling founded in 1829 in Pottsville, PA. Of the top ten oldest breweries in the U.S., five of them were in Wisconsin, which had a very heavy German population. (Consequently, Wisconsin would grow to have more bars per capita, by far, than any other state in the Union.) Saloons in the U.S. Beer was not bottled widely until 1873. Up to that point it was mostly kept in kegs, sometimes stored in barrels the patrons would sit upon. Up until the 1870s, beer was served at room temperature in the European tradition. Though the beer had a head, it wasn’t sudsy as it is today.
- Patrons had to knock back the beer in a hurry before it got too warm or flat.
- The first commercial, or “industrial”, refrigeration of beer began in the United States in 1870 at the Liebmann’s Sons Brewing Company in Brooklyn, NY.
- It would have been fermented cold, shipped cold, and eventually stored and served cold.
Anheuser-Busch soon followed suit, as well as other major breweries. Refrigeration took decades to make it to many places in the West. But ice houses began to crop even in the most isolated places. And some towns and cities harvested ice in winter from their rivers and stored in caves or deep stone cellars. The West was a hot place in summer and cowboys would pay a pretty penny for a cold beer after sweating in leather chaps and eating dust all day in the saddle! Other posts you might like:
Is there a 0.00% beer?
Lowlander Wit 0.0% is a botanically brewed non-alcoholic witbier made with reclaimed orange and lemon peels, making it not only eco-friendly but also packed with flavour. Crisp and refreshing, Lowlander Wit 0.00% has the pleasant bitterness of hops combined with hints of fruit, spices and citrus.
Is 0% beer still beer?
IT STILL HAS SOME ALCOHOL – It may surprise you to learn that most non-alcoholic beer still has trace amounts of alcohol. Though some companies advertise an alcohol content of 0%, the alcohol by volume in most near beers is usually around 0.5%, in comparison with the average 5% ABV of alcoholic beer.