- 1 Is peppermint schnapps good for a cough?
- 2 Why is menthol in cough syrup?
- 3 How does whiskey stop a cough?
- 4 Is peppermint good for lungs?
- 5 Is peppermint good for dry cough?
- 6 What alcohol is in cough syrup?
- 6.1 What was cough syrup in the old days?
- 6.2 What is the ingredient in nighttime cough syrup that makes you sleepy?
- 6.3 What is the active ingredient in little coughs?
- 6.4 What is the name of cough syrup by Maiden Pharmaceuticals?
What is the solvent used in cough syrup?
The compound A is ethanol. It is used as a solvent in cough syrups.
Is peppermint schnapps good for a cough?
#9 – Peppermint – Sucking on a peppermint candy or sipping a small amount of peppermint schnapps may also help calm a cough. Peppermint tea is another option. If cough is accompanied by sinus drainage and mild upset stomach due to sinus drainage, peppermint tea will also calm the stomach upset.
What is the most active ingredient in cough syrup?
Dextromethorphan (DXM) is a common ingredient found in many cough and cold remedies. It helps stop a cough.
What is used as an ingredient in most cough syrup?
What Is Dextromethorphan and Guaifenesin? – When it comes to relieving your cough, dextromethorphan and guaifenesin are two key ingredients in cough medicine that often work together to ease your cough symptoms. However, while dextromethorphan and guaifenesin typically work together in one medication, each ingredient targets a specific aspect of your cough.
So, it can be helpful to know what each ingredient does when choosing your cough relief syrup. Dextromethorphan Hbr (Hydrobromide) is a cough suppressant that is particularly effective as a dry cough medicine. Dextromethorphan, or DXM for short, is an ingredient that works in the brain and central nervous system to target signals that trigger the cough reflex and ultimately help reduce the urge to cough.
DXM is the main ingredient in over-the-counter (OTC) cough products such as, a powerful dry-cough-relief medicine.
What are the raw materials for cough syrup?
Mixing Applications Traditional cough mixtures are formulated around a syrup at 60 – 75% concentration which is made from sucrose, maltodextrin, glucose, invert syrup, etc. The remainder is made up of thickening agents, stabilizers and active ingredients.
What chemical is in dry cough syrup?
My Account Area – 1. Name of the medicinal product Benylin Dry Coughs (Original) 2. Qualitative and quantitative composition Benylin Dry Coughs (Original) contains diphenhydramine hydrochloride 14 mg, L-menthol 2 mg and dextromethorphan hydrobromide 6.5 mg in each 5 ml.3. Pharmaceutical form 4. Clinical particulars 4.1 Therapeutic indications Benylin Dry Coughs (Original) is indicated as an antitussive, for the relief of persistent, dry, irritating cough.4.2 Posology and method of administration Adults and children aged 12 years and over: Oral.10 ml syrup 4 times a day. Children under 12 years: Benylin Dry Coughs (Original) is contraindicated in children under the age of 12 years (see section 4.3). The Elderly: Normal adult dosage is appropriate,, Do not exceed the stated dose. Keep out of the reach and sight of children.4.3 Contraindications Benylin Dry Coughs (Original) is contraindicated in individuals with known hypersensitivity to the product or any of its components. Benylin Dry Coughs (Original) is contraindicated in individuals who are taking, or have taken, monoamine oxidase inhibitors within the preceding two weeks. The concomitant use of a dextromethorphan-containing product and monoamine oxidase inhibitors can occasionally result in symptoms such as hyperpyrexia, hallucinations, gross excitation or coma. Dextromethorphan, in common with other centrally acting antitussive agents, should not be given to subjects in, or at risk of developing respiratory failure. Not to be used in children under the age of 12 years.4.4 Special warnings and precautions for use This product may cause drowsiness; if affected, individuals should not drive or operate machinery. Diphenhydramine should not be taken by individuals with narrow-angle glaucoma or symptomatic prostatic hypertrophy. Subjects with moderate to severe renal or hepatic dysfunction should exercise caution when using this product (see pharmacokinetics).4.5 Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction The concomitant use of a dextromethorphan-containing product and monoamine oxidase inhibitors can occasionally result in symptoms such as hyperpyrexia, hallucinations, gross excitation or coma. This product contains diphenhydramine and therefore may potentiate the effects of alcohol, and other CNS depressants. As diphenhydramine possess some anticholinergic activity, the effects of anticholinergics (e.g. some psychotrophic drugs and atropine) may be potentiated by this product. This may result in tachycardia, mouth dryness, gastrointestinal disturbances (e.g. colic), urinary retention and headache.4.6 Pregnancy and lactation Both diphenhydramine and dextromethorphan have been in widespread use for many years without apparent ill consequence. However, there is insufficient information on the effects of the administration of dextromethorphan during human pregnancy. In addition, it is not known whether dextromethorphan or its metabolites are excreted in breast milk. Diphenhydramine is known to cross the placenta and has also been detected in breast milk. BENYLIN Dry Coughs (Original) should therefore only be used when the potential benefit of treatment to the mother exceeds any possible hazards to the developing foetus or suckling infant.4.7 Effects on ability to drive and use machines This product may cause drowsiness; if affected, individuals should not drive or operate machinery. This medicine can impair cognitive function and can affect a patient’s ability to drive safely. This class of medicine is in the list of drugs included in regulations under 5a of the Road Traffic Act 1988. When taking this medicine, patients should be told: • The medicine is likely to affect your ability to drive • Do not drive until you know how the medicine affects you • It is an offence to drive while under the influence of this medicine • However, you would not be committing an offence (called ‘statutory defence’) if: o The medicine has been taken to treat a medical or dental problem and o You have taken it according to the information provided with the medicine and o It was not affecting your ability to drive safely. Details regarding a new driving offence concerning driving after drugs have been taken in the UK may be found here: https://www.gov.uk/drug-driving-law 4.8 Undesirable effects Diphenhydramine may cause: drowsiness; dizziness; gastrointestinal disturbance; dry mouth, nose and throat; difficulty in urination or blurred vision. Dextromethorphan: dizziness, nausea, vomiting, or gastro-intestinal disturbance may occur. Adverse reactions to menthol at the low concentration present in Benylin Dry Coughs (Original) are not anticipated.4.9 Overdose Symptoms and signs The effects of acute toxicity of Benylin Dry Coughs (Original) may include drowsiness, hyperpyrexia, anticholinergic effects, lethargy, nystagmus, ataxia, respiratory depression, nausea, vomiting, and hyperactivity. With higher doses, and particularly in children, symptoms of CNS excitation including hallucinations and convulsions may appear; with massive doses, coma or cardiovascular collapse may follow. Treatment Treatment of overdose should be symptomatic and supportive. Measures to promote rapid gastric emptying (with syrup of ipecac-induced emesis or gastric lavage) and, in cases of acute poisoning, the use of activated charcoal, may be useful. The intravenous use of physostigmine may be efficacious in antagonising severe anticholinergic symptoms. Naloxone has been used successfully as a specific antagonist to dextromethorphan toxicity in children. Convulsions may be controlled with diazepam and thiopental sodium.5. Pharmacological properties 5.1 Pharmacodynamic properties Dextromethorphan Dextromethorphan is a non-opioid antitussive drug. It exerts its antitussive activity by acting on the cough centre in the medulla oblongata, raising the threshold for the cough reflex. A single oral dose of 10-20 mg dextromethorphan produces its antitussive action within 1 hour and lasts for at least 4 hours. Diphenhydramine Diphenhydramine possesses antitussive, antihistaminic, and anticholinergic properties. Experiments have shown that the antitussive effect (resulting from an action on the brainstem) is discrete from its antihistaminic effect. The duration of activity of diphenhydramine is between 4 and 8 hours. Menthol has mild local anaesthetic and decongestant properties.5.2 Pharmacokinetic properties Absorption Diphenhydramine, dextromethorphan and menthol are well absorbed from the gut following oral administration. Peak serum levels of diphenhydramine following a 50 mg oral dose are reached at between 2 and 2.5 hrs after an oral dose. Due to individual differences in the metabolism of dextromethorphan, pharmacokinetic values are highly variable. After the administration of a 20 mg dose of dextromethorphan to healthy volunteers, the C max varied from < 1 µg/l to 8 µg/l, occurring within 2.5 hrs of administration. Distribution Diphenhydramine Diphenhydramine is widely distributed throughout the body, including the CNS. Following a 50 mg oral dose of diphenhydramine, the volume of distribution is in the range 3.3 - 6.8 L/kg and it is some 78% bound to plasma proteins. Dextromethorphan Due to extensive pre-systemic metabolism by the liver, detailed analysis of the distribution of orally administered dextromethorphan is not possible. Metabolism and elimination Diphenhydramine Diphenhydramine undergoes extensive first pass metabolism. Two successive N-demethylations occur, with the resultant amine being oxidised to a carboxylic acid. Values for plasma clearance of a 50 mg oral dose of diphenhydramine lie in the range 600 - 1300 ml/min, and the terminal elimination half-life lies in the range 3.4 - 9.3 hours. Little unchanged drug is excreted in the urine. Dextromethorphan Dextromethorphan undergoes rapid and extensive first-pass metabolism in the liver after oral administration. Genetically controlled O-demethylation is the main determinant of dextromethorphan pharmacokinetics in human volunteers. It appears that there are distinct phenotypes for this oxidation process resulting in highly variable pharmacokinetics between subjects. Unmetabolised dextromethorphan, together with the three demethylated morphinan metabolites; dextrorphan (also known as 3-hydroxy-N-methylmorphinan), 3-hydroxymorphinan and 3-methoxymorphinan have been identified as conjugated products in the urine. Dextrorphan, which also has antitussive action, is the main metabolite. Menthol Menthol is hydroxylated in the liver by microsomal enzymes to p-methane -3,8 diol. This is then conjugated with glucuronide and excreted both in urine and bile as the glucuronide. Pharmacokinetics in Renal Impairment The results of a review on the use of diphenhydramine in renal failure suggest that in moderate to severe renal failure, the dose interval should be extended by a period dependent on the glomerular filtration rate (GFR). There have been no specific studies of Benylin Dry Coughs (Original) or dextromethorphan in renal impairment. Pharmacokinetics in Hepatic Impairment After intravenous administration of 0.8 mg/kg diphenhydramine, a prolonged half-life was noted in patients with chronic liver disease which correlated with the severity of the disease. However, the mean plasma clearance and apparent volume of distribution were not significantly affected. There have been no specific studies of Benylin Dry Coughs (Original) or dextromethorphan in hepatic impairment. Pharmacokinetics in the Elderly Pharmacokinetic studies indicate no major differences in distribution or elimination of diphenhydramine compared to younger adults. There have been no specific studies of Benylin Dry Coughs (Original) or dextromethorphan in the elderly.5.3 Preclinical safety data The active ingredients of Benylin Dry Coughs (Original) are well-known constituents of medicinal products and their safety profiles are well documented. The results of pre-clinical studies do not add anything of relevance for therapeutic purposes.6. Pharmaceutical particulars 6.1 List of excipients Liquid glucose Sucrose Ethanol (96%) Glycerol Sodium citrate Saccharin sodium Citric acid monohydrate Sodium benzoate Caramel T12 Raspberry flavour 503.850/T Carbomer Ponceau 4R (E124) Purified water 6.2 Incompatibilities 6.3 Shelf life 6.4 Special precautions for storage Do not store above 30°C. Store in the original container.6.5 Nature and contents of container 125 or 150 ml amber glass bottles with a 2 piece or a 3 piece plastic child resistant, tamper evident closure fitted with a polyterephtalate ethylene faced aluminium/expanded polyethylene laminated wad 6.6 Special precautions for disposal and other handling 7. Marketing authorisation holder McNeil Products Limited Foundation Park Roxborough Way Maidenhead Berkshire SL6 3UG United Kingdom 8. Marketing authorisation number(s) 9. Date of first authorisation/renewal of the authorisation 10. Date of revision of the text 24 April 2014
Why is menthol in cough syrup?
1.1 Introduction – Like the sneeze, the cough reflex helps protect the sensitive respiratory tract tissues by creating bursts of high-flow expiration that expel mucus, harmful vapors, and other foreign matter, Cough is triggered by airway sensory afferents that terminate primarily in the brainstem, where the cough response is believed to be generated,
- Mechanical obstruction or invasion of airways triggers coughing via mechanical somatosensory receptors.
- Chemical tussive stimuli are detected in the airways by ion channels (e.g., TPRV1, TRPA1, ASICs), among other possible mechanisms, which also transduce the burning and stinging sensations of chemical irritants in the nose and mouth,
Thus, coughing is an airway defense against threats from both mechanical and chemical stimuli. Despite some important advances, cough sensitivity and how it is modulated in health and disease remains poorly understood, especially in humans. We wished to determine whether cough sensitivity can be modulated by chemosensory stimuli, a topic that holds applied as well as basic interests.
Clinical trials with cough syrups provide a potential lead to the modulation of coughing: Control formulations are often almost as effective as formulations with the anti-tussive pharmacological actives included, Eccles (15) notes that most cough syrups contain sucrose or other sweeteners. Further, some sweet foods, including honey and chocolate, are thought to provide relief from coughing,
Cough syrup or honey might trigger salivation or modulate mucus production, soothing the throat by mechanical coating. Some sweet foods might also contain compounds with pharmacological, antioxidant, or anti-microbial activity, It is also possible, however, that perception of the taste quality sweetness itself suppresses coughing,
- Crystalline sugar placed on the tongue can inhibit hiccoughs, a respiratory reflex related to cough,
- Further, sweet taste can induce analgesia,
- Importantly, non-nutritive sweeteners can also have analgesic effects, whereas administration of sucrose directly to the stomach does not,
- Thus, sweet taste per s e seems to have analgesic properties, likely due, in part, to release of endogenous opioids,
As noted by others, there is a close relationship between the analgesic and antitussive properties of opioids, Thus, extant data suggest that sweet test may modulate cough sensitivity, but no empirical studies have directly tested this hypothesis. Menthol is another anti-tussive compound of interest.
It is commonly added to cough syrups and lozenges, presumably to suppress coughing. High concentrations of menthol on the skin and tongue can have anesthetic, analgesic and/or desensitizing effects, Objective studies of the impact of menthol on airway sensitivity have been limited. In mice, menthol reduced sensitivity to airway irritation, an effect that was blocked by a TRPM8 antagonist,
In humans, a moderate (predominantly cooling) concentration of menthol vapor reduced sensitivity to nasal irritation from acetic acid, but actually enhanced sensitivity to the TPRA1 agonist allyl isothiocyanate, Regarding cough sensitivity, two studies, one in children and one in adults, suggest that menthol may reduce the number of coughs elicited by a fixed concentration of citric acid,
- However, in both studies the TRPM8 agonist eucalyptol was used to mask menthol.
- The potential for interactions between eucalyptol and menthol at the sensory neurons makes interpretation of the findings difficult.
- The current report explores chemosensory modulation of the cough response by examining the effect of sucrose and menthol on human cough reflex sensitivity.
The impact of another salient sensory stimulus, the bitter compound sucrose octaacetate (SOA), was also examined to assess the chemosensory specificity of sucrose and menthol.
How does whiskey stop a cough?
Myth: Alcohol is a cough suppressant – Alcohol is added to cough medicines, but it’s probably not for the reason you think. Some of the compounds found in cough medicine don’t dissolve easily in water but do dissolve in ethanol (alcohol). As a result, cough syrup manufacturers may incorporate a small amount of alcohol so the medications mix.
Is peppermint schnapps the same as peppermint liqueur?
Peppermint Schnapps vs. Crème de Menthe – The two most common mint-flavored liqueurs are peppermint schnapps and crème de menthe. Though they’re made in much the same way, there is a noticeable difference. Peppermint schnapps is less sweet, has a more intense mint flavor, and typically contains more alcohol.
Crème de menthe is not creamy— crème refers to the thickness due to a lot of sugar—and it’s almost too sweet to drink alone. The gentler mint flavor and lower proof make it more versatile in cocktails. The two can be used selectively as substitutes for one another. Consider the impact the schnapps will have on a crème de menthe drink as the mint can become overwhelming.
A lower-proof schnapps is a better choice because the flavor’s not too intense. Green crème de menthe can be used to change the color of a peppermint schnapps recipe. You might have to pour less of the drink’s sweetener to maintain balance and that ingredient may be the mint liqueur.
Is peppermint good for lungs?
5. Peppermint – Modern research points out its role in improving lung function. Menthol, present in the mint family, displays antispasmodic activity. It works as a decongestant, which means it helps to soothe swollen membranes in the nose and loosen mucus that gets stuck in the respiratory pathway.
Is peppermint good for dry cough?
8: Mint leaves – Mint leaves contain menthol that helps numb the throat nerves that may reduce recurrent bouts of dry cough. It also helps in clearing the congestion of the throat. You can add 3-5 leaves of peppermint to your tea and boil it for a few minutes before drinking.
What are the 4 cough syrups?
Medical Product Alert N°6/2022: Substandard (contaminated) paediatric medicines This WHO Medical Product Alert refers to four substandard products, identified in The Gambia and reported to WHO in September 2022. Substandard medical products are products that fail to meet either their quality standards or specifications and are, therefore “out of specification”.
- The four products are Promethazine Oral Solution, Kofexmalin Baby Cough Syrup, Makoff Baby Cough Syrup and Magrip N Cold Syrup,
- The stated manufacturer of these products is Maiden Pharmaceuticals Limited (Haryana, India).
- To date, the stated manufacturer has not provided guarantees to WHO on the safety and quality of these products.
Laboratory analysis of samples of each of the four products confirms that they contain unacceptable amounts of diethylene glycol and ethylene glycol as contaminants. To date, these four products have been identified in The Gambia, but may have been distributed, through informal markets, to other countries or regions.
What alcohol is in cough syrup?
Which alcohol is used in cough syrups and tonics? Join Vedantu’s FREE Mastercalss Answer Verified Hint: Alcohol is often a major component of cough syrup and other medications. The alcohol can come from drinking alcoholic beverages. It can come from medicines or it can come from that produced naturally in the body. This means that, it can come from endogenous ethanol produced by every human body
Complete answer: Note:
Ethanol (also called ethyl alcohol, grain alcohol, drinking alcohol, spirits, or simply alcohol) is an organic chemical compound. It is a simple alcohol with the chemical formula $ OH$, Ethanol is a volatile, flammable, colorless liquid with a slight characteristic odor.
It is a psychoactive substance recreational drug, and the active ingredient in alcoholic drinks. Ethanol, often in high concentrations, is used to dissolve many water-insoluble medications and related compounds. Liquid preparations of pain medications, cough and cold medicines, and mouth washes, for example, may contain up to \ ethanol and may need to be avoided in individuals with adverse reactions to ethanol such as alcohol-induced respiratory reactions.
The ethyl alcohol is used in cough syrups and tonics for the cure of respiratory and cough related diseases. Because of its high solubility, ethanol is used in cough syrups and tonics.Ethanol is naturally produced by the fermentation of sugars by yeasts or via petrochemical processes such as ethylene hydration.
What was cough syrup in the old days?
8 old-fashioned medical remedies that are still being used Throughout my career as a pharmacist, I’ve been fascinated by the evolution of medicines we use to treat people, and how so many “old-fashioned” medicines are still in use—and very useful—today. I have a collection of pharmacy antiques and one of my most prized possessions is a Materia Medica—published in 1927 and containing many historical remedies.
Some interesting remedies from that book include using Scotch pine needles to reduce uric acid in gout, and prescribing tobacco for treating constipation due to the ability of nicotine to stimulate the large intestines to work more efficiently. In the 1800s, it was common to find people taking cough syrup containing opium to treat coughs and cocaine for toothaches or any mouth pain.
These medications work by suppressing cough with narcotics such as opium, and by the local anesthetic effect from cocaine. Another unusual remedy was using mercury to treat venereal diseases, mainly syphilis. Mercury was effective in treating leprosy (Hansen’s disease) in the Middle Ages—and it was thought that syphilis was related to leprosy.
- These treatments were accepted for the day—with a great deal of anecdotal experience to suggest their success in treating common disorders of the day.
- What are some old-fashioned remedies that are still used today? 1.
- Leeches —Used for more than 3,000 years (since the early days of the Egyptians) to treat many nervous system abnormalities.
Leech therapy is used now because leeches aren’t expensive and they’re simple to use. They’re used in plastic surgery and after microsurgery. Combined with an antibiotic, the leeches secrete anticoagulant molecules that enhance circulation and promote wound healing.2.
Penicillin —Discovered in 1928, this drug revolutionized the treatment of infection and also sparked a 100-year history of developing new and useful antibiotics. Originally discovered from the Penicillium mold that naturally produces penicillin, the drug grew in popularity at the end of WWII, since sulfa was in short supply and sometimes harmful.3.
Sulfa —Introduced in 1935 by Gerhard Domagk, sulfa, or sulfonamides, were the first compound shown to effectively treat infections. A chemical was added to sulfa as part of the production process of the late 1930s, killing dozens of children and adults across the United States and around the world.
This prompted the federal government to amend the law in 1938 to require that all drugs be proven safe before marketing.4. Aspirin —Marketed since 1899 for pain relief, this medicine has often been referred to as a “wonder drug” for its abilities to be used in a variety of situations. Aspirin has an effect on inflammation, and also the aggregation or stickiness of blood platelets.
This makes it a great agent for thinning blood in various situations where blood clotting is a problem, such as heart attacks or blood clots in legs. However, using this medicine in children was shown to be a problem and caused a variety of adverse effects, which is why we see Tylenol used commonly in children for some of the same uses as aspirin.5.
- Nitroglycerin —First used in 1867 to treat angina, this medicine is a very effective drug to relax veins and, sometimes, arteries going to the heart to relieve chest pain.
- It’s still effectively used today.
- It’s important for patients to make sure they don’t keep nitroglycerin for too long, as the potency will be reduced.
It’s recommended that you change your nitroglycerin tablets out every six months or so to be assured of good potency.6. Insulin —First identified in 1869, this medicine was first used in humans in 1920 to treat diabetes. Insulin is the mainstay of type 1 diabetes, and is also used when oral medicines don’t work in type 2 diabetes.
Many forms of insulin have been developed since the original formulation. This drug has greatly improved the quality of life for patients with diabetes by slowing down the damaging changes that diabetes has on blood vessels and other organs.7. Morphine —Derived from opium, morphine was first sold in 1827 to control pain.
Morphine was the original synthetically manufactured opiate and it has powerful analgesic effects. When used properly, it’s improved the quality of life for many pain patients. Morphine is still used today and will continue to be an option for pain treatment in acute-care setting, such as post-surgery.
While the opiate crisis has focused on drugs such as fentanyl and oxycodone, using morphine improperly will result in the same dangerous—and potentially lethal—side effects as fentanyl.8. Digitalis —This drug is derived from the foxglove plant. If you saw a picture of this plant you’d be stunned by its beauty.
Digitalis (Digoxin) in many form has been used to treat heart failure, heart rhythm problems and pulmonary hypertension. Digoxin was a popular physician prescription from the 1940s to the 1990s. In the 1990s, other more effective medications were introduced for heart failure and heart rhythm problems, and digitalis is no longer routinely used.
- However, some clinicians believe that small doses of digitalis make patients with heart problems feel better, so selective use of this drug continues.
- Digoxin requires close monitoring for toxicity.
- What are “nostrums” and traveling medicine shows? A nostrum—also called quack medicine—is a chemical that’s sold and distributed by individuals posing as healers who make false and exaggerated claims about the medicine’s effectiveness.
These charlatans sold these nostrums from the back of wagons, trains or cars. These methods were referred to as traveling medicine shows. Common nostrums included fake diet pills, herbs or oils that were claimed to cure diseases that were a concern in the 1800s and 1900s: cancer, heart disease, depression and fatigue.
- What put an end to these “nostrums”? Many, if not all, of these remedies had no proven scientific value and caused harm to many.
- So many patients died or had ill effects from nostrums, that medicines, and also food, were targeted for government regulation.
- Pharmacists, physicians and other interest groups lobbied the government, resulting in President Theodore Roosevelt signing the 1906 US Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act (FD&C) that stands today as the standard for controlling the quality of food and medicine in the U.S.United State.
The FD&C has been amended many times to keep up with current standards and concerns. Robert Weber is administrator of pharmacy services at The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center. : 8 old-fashioned medical remedies that are still being used
What ingredient is in wet cough?
Expectorants – Expectorants are substances that help to loosen and expel mucus from the lungs. They include guaifenesin, ammonia, senega, sodium citrate and ipecacuanha. Side effects can include nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, dizziness, headache and rash.
Which chemical is used in cough syrups and tonics?
Ethanol (C2H5OH) is used in cough syrups and tonics because it is a very good solvent.
What is the ingredient in nighttime cough syrup that makes you sleepy?
Phenylephrine HCl – Phenylephrine HCl is a decongestant. It relieves symptoms associated with sinus congestion, such as a runny nose. It doesn’t cause sleepiness. Other side effects include dizziness, headache, and upset stomach. Phenylephrine HCl is found in the following Nyquil products:
Nyquil Severe Cough, Cold, and Flu Nighttime Relief (Liquids, LiquiCaps, and VapoCool Caplets)Nyquil Cough DM and Congestion Medicine
There are no studies examining the safety and effectiveness of Nyquil as a sleep aid. Some studies have examined the use of antihistamines to help with sleep. According to a 2012 literature review, some first-generation antihistamines may be helpful in treating short-term insomnia.
However, there’s relatively little research on doxylamine succinate, the antihistamine that causes drowsiness in Nyquil. The authors of a 2015 literature review concluded that there weren’t enough quality studies to determine its safety or effectiveness as a sleep aid. In addition, doxylamine may cause undesirable side effects, including daytime drowsiness.
Other side effects can include:
blurred visionheadachemouth, nose, and throat drynessnausearespiratory congestionrestlessness
You can develop tolerance to doxylamine quite quickly, which means that if you take it regularly, its sedative effects won’t be as strong. Given that Nyquil contains additional ingredients that can cause side effects, it’s safer to use a less risky nonprescription sleep aid for temporary relief from insomnia,
have a medical condition are over the age of 75are pregnant or breastfeeding
Since Nyquil causes drowsiness, you shouldn’t combine it with other sleep aids, like melatonin for instance. This could cause potentially risky sedative effects, such as shallow breathing. You should also avoid alcohol when taking Nyquil, as it can increase sleepiness, dizziness, and other side effects.
In addition, since Nyquil contains acetaminophen, taking it repeatedly with alcohol can put you at risk of liver damage. You shouldn’t take Nyquil with other drugs that contain acetaminophen, or you risk exceeding the recommended daily dosage, Lifestyle changes have been shown to help with falling asleep and staying asleep.
If you have a hard time getting good quality sleep, try the following:
Stick to a sleep schedule. Going to bed at the same time each night and waking up at the same time each morning can help prevent disrupted sleep. Find ways to relax before bed. Adopt a routine to wind down before bed. Take a warm bath, read a book, meditate, or listen to soothing music. Avoid naps during the day. Don’t nap for more than 20 to 30 minutes during the day, as this may make it harder to sleep at night. Prepare your bedroom. Your bedroom should be used for sleep and sex only. Make sure it’s dark, quiet, and cool. Try to keep the temperature of your bedroom between 60 and 67°F (15.6 and 19.4°C). Avoid electronic devices. Avoid using your phone, tablet, or computer within an hour of going to bed. These devices may stimulate your brain and make it harder for you to fall asleep. Get regular exercise. Physical activity can help you feel tired at night. If you do moderate-intensity exercise, try to finish exercising within an hour of going to bed. More vigorous exercise should be done earlier in the day. Avoid substances known to disrupt sleep. Heavy meals, caffeine, and alcohol before bed can make it more difficult to fall or stay asleep. Reduce stress. Stress can keep you up at night. Try relaxation techniques like breathing exercises, meditation, yoga, and progressive muscle relaxation to counter stress at bedtime. Use an insomnia app. Smartphone apps, such as the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs Insomnia Coach app and other insomnia apps, can help you track your sleep.
Most people experience difficulty sleeping from time to time. Talk with your doctor or healthcare provider if your inability to sleep lasts for more than a few weeks or if daytime drowsiness starts to interfere with your responsibilities at work or home.
What is the active ingredient in little coughs?
Active Ingredients – Original Flavour – Each 5mL of oral liquid contains Hedera helix (Ivy) concentrated extract equivalent to 88mg of dry leaf. Raspberry Flavour – Each 5mL of oral liquid contains Hedera helix (Ivy) concentrated extract equivalent to 140mg of dry leaf. No added: gluten, wheat, lactose, artiﬁcial colours and sweeteners.
What is the name of cough syrup by Maiden Pharmaceuticals?
Cough syrups by Maiden Pharma is of standard quality, says govt after probe into Gambia deaths Logo of the Maiden Pharmaceuticals company is seen on a board outside their office in New Delhi on 6 October 2022 | Reuters
- New Delhi: Cough syrup samples of Maiden Pharmaceuticals have been found to be of standard quality, the government has told Parliament, weeks after the WHO alerted that the firm’s cough syrups could potentially be linked to the death of children in Gambia.
- Central Drugs Standard Control Organisation (CDSCO) in coordination with State Drug Controller, Haryana had carried out a joint investigation of Maiden Pharmaceuticals in Kundli, Sonepat to ascertain the facts that allegedly led to the death of 66 children in the West African country.
- During the investigation, it was revealed that the State Drug Controller, Haryana had given licenses to the company for manufacture of four drugs for export only, Minister of State for Chemicals and Fertilisers Bhagwanth Khuba said in a written reply in the Rajya Sabha on December 13.
The four drugs are — Promethazine Oral Solution BP, KOFEXMALIN Baby Cough Syrup, MaKOFF Baby Cough syrup and MaGrip n Cold Syrup, These drugs are not licensed for manufacture and sale in India and are not marketed or distributed here, he added. “Further, control samples of the aforementioned drugs were drawn and sent for test and analysis to Regional Drug Testing Laboratory, (RDTL) Chandigarh by the investigating team.
- As per the report of the Government Analyst, the samples have been declared to be of standard quality,” the minister said.
- As per the reply, the samples were also found negative for both Diethylene Glycol (DEG) and Ethylene Glycol (EG).
- Earlier in October, the Haryana State Drugs Controller had stopped all the manufacturing activities of Maiden Pharmaceuticals at Sonepat after the WHO issued an alert saying the firm’s cough syrups could potentially be linked to the death of children in Gambia.
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: Cough syrups by Maiden Pharma is of standard quality, says govt after probe into Gambia deaths